Funcionamiento familiar y adicción a internet en adolescentes

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.5900

Palabras clave:

funcionamiento familiar, adicción a internet, uso de internet, adolescentes

Resumen

El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo principal explorar cómo las variables del funcionamiento familiar están relacionadas con la adicción a internet. La muestra final consistió en 568 participantes, con edades comprendidas entre 14 y 18 años, que asisten a la Educación Secundaria, en un distrito en el norte de Portugal. Se utilizó cuestionario sociodemográfico, Internet Addiction Test (IAT) y Systemic Clinical Outcome Routine Evaluation (SCORE-15). Se encontró que el 73.1% de los participantes tenían una adicción leve a moderada, pero no hubo diferencias en la adicción a internet entre sexo masculino y femenino. Por otro lado, hubo diferencias en el funcionamiento familiar, ya que el género masculino tuvo un poco más de dificultades para comunicarse en la familia y más dificultades familiares. Se observaron diferencias entre los grupos de estudio (usuarios normales, usuarios con adicción leve y usuarios con adicción moderada) en todas las dimensiones del funcionamiento familiar. Además, fue posible observar asociaciones positivas entre las dimensiones del funcionamiento familiar y la adicción a internet. Finalmente, se descubrió que la comunicación en la familia era la única variable en el funcionamiento familiar que tenía un papel predictivo en la adicción a internet. Por lo tanto, las dificultades en el funcionamiento familiar, especialmente en la comunicación en la familia, parecen desempeñar un papel fundamental en el desarrollo de la adicción a internet, y se considera importante desarrollar acciones preventivas, con miras a promover un funcionamiento familiar saludable, así como el uso de internet saludable.

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Biografía del autor/a

Daisy Araújo Rodrigues, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro

Mestre em Psicologia da Educação e do Desenvolvimento pela Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal. 

Inês Carvalho Relva, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro

Doutorada em Psicologia. Professora no Departamento de Educação e Psicologia na Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal; Membro do Centro de Investigação em Desporto, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano. Fundos nacionais apoiam o trabalho da autora Inês Relva através da FCT - Fundação Portuguesa para a Ciência e Tecnologia no âmbito do projeto Estímulo ao Emprego Científico - Chamada Institucional - CEECINST /00127/2018.

Otília Monteiro Fernandes, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro

Doutorada em Psicologia. Professora no Departamento de Educação e Psicologia na Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro; Membro Integrado do Centro de Investigação em Psicologia para o Desenvolvimento (CIPD).

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Publicado

2022-02-03

Cómo citar

Araújo Rodrigues, D., Carvalho Relva, I., & Monteiro Fernandes, O. . (2022). Funcionamiento familiar y adicción a internet en adolescentes. CES Psicología, 15(1), 44–67. https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.5900

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