Problemas emocionales, personalidad oscura, sexting y grooming en adolescentes: el rol del género y la edad

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.6132

Palabras clave:

sexting, problemas emocionales, personalidad, grooming, tríada oscura, comportamientos de riesgo en línea, conducta sexual de riesgo, adolescentes

Resumen

El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo estudiar si los problemas emocionales (depresión y ansiedad) y la Personalidad Oscura eran predictores del sexting y el grooming, y si este comportamiento varía según el género y la edad. Se constituyó una muestra de 728 adolescentes entre 11 y 18 años (38% hombres) de tres escuelas secundarias privadas ubicadas en Buenos Aires y Paraná, Argentina. Completaron un Cuestionario de sexting, el Cuestionario de Solicitación e Interacción Sexual a menores online por parte de adultos para evaluar el comportamiento de grooming, la Escala de síntomas psicosomáticos de Rosenberg, el Inventario de depresión de Kovacs para niños y el Dirty Dozen para los rasgos de Personalidad Oscura. Los resultados mostraron que 12% de los adolescentes admitió haber padecido una conducta de grooming. Las formas más frecuentes fueron el envío de mensajes escritos de carácter sexual (11%) y fotos (10%) y luego, en orden de frecuencia, el envío de videos (4%), pero no se detectaron diferencias por género. Los predictores significativos de sexting y el tamaño de su varianza explicada variaban según el género (R² = 47% para mujeres y R² = 12% para hombres, respectivamente). En el caso de las mujeres, mayor edad y puntajes de psicopatía fueron predictores significativos, y en el de los hombres, menor ansiedad fue el predictor significativo. Un modelo estructural explicó una varianza del 6% para el sexting y 21% para el grooming, indicando que no hubo invarianza, según el género. Las regresiones lineales para predecir el grooming a partir del sexting también sugirieron que el género moderaba esta relación.

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Biografía del autor/a

Santiago Resett, University of Business (UADE)/CONICET

PhD. in Psychology. Argentine University of Business (UADE) / National Council of Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET).

Pablo González Caino , University of Business (UADE)

PhD. in Psychology. UADE / CONICET. 

Belén Mesurado, Austral University/CONICET

PhD. in Psychology. Austral University / CONICET, Argentina. 

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2022-05-20

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Resett, S., González Caino , P., & Mesurado, B. . (2022). Problemas emocionales, personalidad oscura, sexting y grooming en adolescentes: el rol del género y la edad. CES Psicología, 15(2), 23–43. https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.6132

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