Rol mediador del conflicto trabajo-familia en la relación entre justicia organizacional y estrés laboral

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.5920

Palabras clave:

percepciones de justicia organizacional global, conflicto trabajo-familia, estrés laboral, mediación parcial, género

Resumen

Si bien los efectos de las percepciones de justicia organizacional global sobre las percepciones de estrés laboral han sido demostrados en estudios previos, los mecanismos que subyacen a esta relación no resultan explícitos. La investigación actual plantea que las jefaturas percibidas como más justas potencian la capacidad del trabajador para conciliar sus roles laborales y familiares, impactando positivamente sus niveles de estrés. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar, en un contexto laboral latinoamericano, el rol mediador del conflicto trabajo-familia en la relación entre las percepciones de justicia organizacional global y estrés laboral; y analizar diferencias entre hombres y mujeres respecto al conflicto trabajo-familia. Participaron 129 trabajadores pertenecientes a una institución pública chilena, quienes contestaron un cuestionario de autoreporte. Se efectuaron correlaciones bivariadas de Pearson, Tau-b de Kendall, prueba t de Student y modelamiento de ecuaciones estructurales. Los resultados mostraron la existencia de una correlación negativa y significativa entre las percepciones de justicia organizacional global y el estrés laboral. Además, esta relación estuvo mediada parcialmente por el conflicto trabajo-familia, es decir, las percepciones de justicia organizacional se asociaron de manera directa e indirecta al estrés laboral, a través del conflicto trabajo-familia. Respecto de la variable género y el conflicto trabajo-familia, no se encontraron diferencias significativas. Este estudio aporta evidencia empírica sobre la importancia de las percepciones de justicia organizacional global, y sus resultados orientan el diagnóstico y la elaboración de modelos de prevención e intervención más específicos desde el campo de la psicología de la salud ocupacional.

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Biografía del autor/a

Viviana Rodríguez Díaz, Universidad de Valparaíso

PhD. en Psicología. Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile. 

Yasmín Barroilhet, Universidad de Valparaíso

Lic. en Psicología. Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile.

Rocío Carrasco, Universidad de Valparaíso

Lic. en Psicología. Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile.

Andrea Guzmán, Universidad de Valparaíso

Lic. en Psicología. Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile. 

Karla Carvajal, Universidad de Valparaíso

Lic. en Psicología. Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile. 

Daniela Galaz, Universidad de Valparaíso

Lic. en Psicología. Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile. 

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2022-05-20

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Rodríguez Díaz, V., Barroilhet, Y. ., Carrasco, R., Guzmán, A. ., Carvajal, K., & Galaz, D. (2022). Rol mediador del conflicto trabajo-familia en la relación entre justicia organizacional y estrés laboral. CES Psicología, 15(2), 113–134. https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.5920

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