Micobioma: diversidad fúngica en el cuerpo humano

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesmedicina.5686

Palabras clave:

Micobioma, Microbioma fúngico, Disbiosis, Salud

Resumen

Introducción: los hongos hacen parte de los microorganismos que se encuentran en el ser humano y que interactúan con bacterias, virus y archaeas. El equilibrio inter e intra-especies es importante para mantener la salud en los seres humanos. La mayoría de los estudios sobre la micobioma se han relacionado con estados de enfermedad causados por hongos, siendo de relevancia la exploración de las comunidades comensales en individuos sanos. Métodos: se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus y Google Scholar, usando los términos mycobiome, intestinal fungi, skin mycobiome, vaginal mycobiome, fungal microbiome. Se incluyeron artículos desde 1996 hasta 2020, de revisión y de resultados de investigación en todos los idiomas. Resultados y discusión: existe variabilidad en las comunidades fúngicas en los sitios corporales según sus características intrínsecas y la relación con el medio ambiente. El estado de salud en los seres humanos puede estar influenciado por la densidad y diversidad fúngica, a diferencia de los individuos enfermos en quienes se evidencia una disminución en la diversidad y que se asocia con el oportunismo de agentes patógenos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Lina Marcela Restrepo-Rivera, Universidad CES

Estudiante de la Maestría de Medicina Tropical de la Universidad CES

Citas

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Publicado

2021-07-06

Cómo citar

Restrepo-Rivera, L. M., & Cardona-Castro, N. . (2021). Micobioma: diversidad fúngica en el cuerpo humano . CES Medicina, 35(2), 113–125. https://doi.org/10.21615/cesmedicina.5686

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Revisión de tema