LE FACTEUR ANTHROPOMORPHE: ÉLÉMENT D'ANALYSE DANS LA COMMUNICATION NON VERBALE? (The anthropomorphe factor: analysis element of nonverbal communication?)

Jonathan Rodríguez Jaime, Michel B. Cislak

Resumen


Résumé

Les mesures, les formes, les proportions et l'apparence du corps humain, c'est-a-dire, le facteur anthropomorphe (FA), a produit un désaccord académique mondial, d'une part, on retrouve des scientifiques qui l'incorporent à l'étude de la communication non verbale (CNV), tandis que d'autres auteurs l'excluent. C'est pour cette raison, que le but de cet article est d'élucider si le FA est un élément d'analyse dans la CNV. Afin de faire cela, il a été nécessaire de réaliser une épuration conceptuelle à travers un examen ontologique. Cette recherche apporte donc des critères pour créer un cadre théorique du FA comme sous-catégorie de la CNV. En examinant la doctrine scientifique et les études effectuées par la psychologie évolutionniste, il a été révélé que le FA: a) est un signe non-linguistique qui envoie au moins 15 messages différents, b) concorde avec la définition de CNV et répond à tous ses éléments structurels, c) on peut le trouver comme mécanisme d'expression dans d'autres espèces et d) permet de soutenir le système verbal en exécutant quatre fonctions, par conséquent, il est indispensable de continuer avec des études expérimentales dont la portée soit limitée à la psychologie de la communication, de sorte que, la communauté académique puisse explorer d'autres aspects du FA impliqués dans la cognition sociale.

 

Mots clés

Communication non Verbale, Corps Humain, Facteur Anthropomorphe, Psychologie de la Communication.

 

Resumen:

Las medidas, formas, proporciones y apariencia del cuerpo humano, es decir, el factor antropomorfo (FA), ha generado un desacuerdo académico mundial, de un lado, están científicos que lo incorporan al estudio de la comunicación no verbal (CNV), de otro, autores que lo excluyen. Por tal razón, el propósito de este artículo es dilucidar si el FA es un elemento de análisis en la CNV. Para tal fin, fue necesaria una depuración conceptual mediante un examen ontológico, por ello, esta investigación aporta criterios para crear un marco teórico del FA como sub-categoría de la CNV. Además, al revisar la doctrina científica e investigaciones de psicólogos evolucionistas, se encuentra que el FA: a) es un signo no lingüístico que envía al menos 15 mensajes diferentes, b) se acopla a la definición de CNV y cumple con todos sus elementos estructurales, c) es posible encontrarlo como mecanismo de expresión en otras especies y, d) sirve de apoyo al sistema verbal ejecutando cuatro funciones. En consecuencia, se debe continuar con investigaciones experimentales cuyo alcance se circunscriba al área de psicología de la comunicación, para así explorar otros aspectos del FA implicados en la cognición social.

 

Palabras clave

Comunicación no Verbal, Cuerpo Humano, Factor Antropomorfo, Psicología de la Comunicación.

 

Abstract

The sizes, forms, proportions and appearance of the human body, i.e. the anthropomorphic factor (AF), has generated worldwide academic disagreement. On one side, there are scientists who include it in the study of nonverbal communication (NVC), on the other hand, there are authors who exclude it. For this reason, the purpose of this article is to elucidate whether the AF is an analytical element in NVC. To this end, a conceptual decantation was necessary through an ontological examination; therefore, this research provides criteria to create a theoretical framework of the AF as subcategory of the NVC. In addition, when reviewing scientific doctrine and research of evolutionary psychologists, it is found that the AF: a) is a non-linguistic sign that sends at least 15 different messages, b) is coupled with the definition of NVC and complies with all its structural elements, c) it can be found as a mechanism of expression in other species and d) it supports the verbal system by executing 4 four functions. Consequently, it is mandatory to continue with experimental research which is limited to communication psychology, in order to explore other AF aspects involved in social cognition.

 

Key words

Nonverbal Communication, Human Body, Anthropomorphic Factor, Communication Psychology.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21615/cesp.10.2.9


Palabras clave


Communication non verbale; corps humain; facteur anthropomorphe; psychologie de la communication

Citas


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