Proactividad y capital psicológico: una revisión integradora de la producción científica

Autores/as

  • Amilton Bento Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC, Brasil
  • Narbal Silva Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC, Brasil
  • Leonor Pais Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2087-5950
  • Nuno Rebelo dos Santos Universidade de Évora, Portugal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.6069

Palabras clave:

proactividad, proactivo, personalidad proactiva, capital psicológico, PsyCap, psicología positiva

Resumen

La proactividad y los componentes del Capital Psicológico (PsyCap) son conceptos emergentes, definidos como capacidades psicológicas positivas, que impactan en la competitividad y el desempeño, y contribuyen a la construcción de organizaciones más saludables. Dado el gran interés sobre el tema, este estudio tuvo como objetivo revisar la literatura en busca de posibles relaciones entre Proactividad y PsyCap, para señalar asociaciones, diferencias y efectos negativos resultantes de altos niveles de PsyCap y Proactividad en los individuos. Esta revisión abarcó un período de 20 años, que requirió el análisis de 208 artículos y la selección de 26 documentos para el estudio. Los resultados mostraron relaciones entre la Proactividad y los componentes de PsyCap (Autoeficacia, Esperanza, Resiliencia y Optimismo), ya que ambos están alineados con la positividad, el desempeño, la persistencia y las incertidumbres ambientales. También se relacionaron indirectamente a través de otros constructos como la retroalimentación, el compromiso, la adaptabilidad, la felicidad y el liderazgo. Además de las congruencias, se observaron diferencias importantes entre los conceptos. Los lineamientos proactivos se relacionan con estrategias, autorregulación e involucran el rol activo del ser humano con intencionalidad, mientras que los componentes del Capital Psicológico aparecen más asociados a aspectos circunstanciales. También se observaron algunos puntos negativos, como conflictos entre personas consideradas proactivas y violencia asociada a la autoeficacia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Amilton Bento, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC, Brasil

Doctor (Programa de Posgrado en Psicología).

Narbal Silva, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC, Brasil

Post Doctorado en Psicología Positiva en las Organizaciones.

Leonor Pais, Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal

Doctorado en Psicología, área de Psicología del Trabajo y las Organizaciones.

Nuno Rebelo dos Santos, Universidade de Évora, Portugal

Doctora en Psicologia.

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Publicado

2023-02-13

Cómo citar

Bento, A., Silva, N., Pais, L., & Rebelo dos Santos, N. (2023). Proactividad y capital psicológico: una revisión integradora de la producción científica. CES Psicología, 16(1), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.6069

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