Evidencia de validez de la Escala Multidimensional de Apoyo Social Percibido (EMASP) en población adulta Argentina

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.6009

Palabras clave:

Escala Multimensional de Apoyo Social Percibido, EMASP, apoyo social percibido, validación, Argentina

Resumen

El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo adaptar y validar la Escala Multidimensional de Apoyo Social Percibido (EMASP) para adultos argentinos. La EMASP cuenta con 12 items que permiten indagar acerca del apoyo social en tres fuentes: Familia, Amigos y Otros significativos. Para este trabajo, se ha escogido un diseño instrumental. La muestra fue de tipo intencional, compuesta por 1278 adultos nacidos en Argentina con edades que oscilan entre los 18 y 83 años y de ambos sexos. En el contexto local, la EMASP muestra propiedades psicométricas adecuadas para cada uno de los factores. La validez cruzada por sexo indica que la Escala presenta índices de ajuste adecuados tanto para hombres como para mujeres. El análisis de la validez externa dio cuenta de las relaciones indirectas entre las distintas dimensiones de la ESMAP con el cuestionario Patient Health Questionnaire (PQH9), que evalúa trastorno depresivo mayor. Se concluye que la EMASP presenta propiedades psicométricas adecuadas para su uso en población argentina.

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Biografía del autor/a

Gisela Matrangolo, Universidad Maimónides - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas

Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Empresariales. Universidad Maimónides. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Argentina. 

Hugo Simkin, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas

Doctor en Psicología. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Argentina. 

Susana Celeste Azzollini, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas

Doctora en Psicología. Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. 

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2022-02-03

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Matrangolo, G., Simkin, H., & Azzollini, S. C. (2022). Evidencia de validez de la Escala Multidimensional de Apoyo Social Percibido (EMASP) en población adulta Argentina. CES Psicología, 15(1), 163–181. https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.6009

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