MOBILIDADES DE JOVENS DE GRUPOS POPULARES DO RIO DE JANEIRO EM RELAÇÃO À RUA E A CASA (Mobilities of young people from popular groups of Rio de Janeiro related to the streets and home)

Autores/as

Resumen

Resumo

Neste trabalho, tomamos como foco a experiência de jovens de grupos populares do Rio de Janeiro (Brasil) em relação à rua e a casa. Destacamos as várias facetas que estes espaços-tempos assumem para os jovens, tendo em vista o que nestes espaços limita e constrange suas mobilidades e o que se constitui como oportunidade para estes jovens. Foi realizado um estudo qualitativo, do qual participaram 51 jovens, habitantes de periferias urbanas e estudantes de 9º ano do ensino fundamental, de duas escolas públicas municipais do Rio de Janeiro, com idades entre 14 a 16 anos. Foram realizados três grupos de discussão junto aos jovens, além de observações-participantes em ambas as escolas. Os dados foram analisados a partir da Análise de Conteúdo. Os resultados evidenciam que os jovens se deparam com inúmeros limites às mobilidades e situações inoportunas na rua, que compõem o que eles nomeiam como caos. Diante da imprevisibilidade negativa associada ao espaço da rua, o espaço doméstico é valorizado, principalmente por proporcionar a segurança que não pode ser encontrada na rua.

Palavras-chave: Jovens, Cidade, Grupos Populares, Juventude, Mobilidade, Oportunidade.

 

Abstract

This work is focused on the experiences lived by young people from popular groups in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) related to the street and home. It is highlighted a variety of dimensions that these spaces and time offer to young people, taking into account the aspects that limit or constraints their mobilities in these spaces, and also what is considered and opportunity for them. It was performed a qualitative study, involving a total of 51 young people, being students in elementary schools, from two public municipal schools of Rio de Janeiro, aged between 14 and 16 and residents in urban peripheries. Three discussion groups were carried out with these students, in addition to participant-observations in both schools. The data were analyzed using the Analysis of Content. The results show that young people meet innumerable limits to their mobility and face untimely situations in the street, which constitute what they call chaos. Given the negative unpredictability associated with street space, domestic space is valued, mainly for providing security that cannot be found in the street.

Keywords: Youth, City, Mobility, Popular Groups, Opportunity.

 

Resumen

En este trabajo, nos centramos en la experiencia de jóvenes de grupos populares de Río de Janeiro (Brasil) en relación con la calle y la casa. Destacamos una variedad de facetas que estos espacios-tiempos asumen para los jóvenes, teniendo en cuenta lo que en estos espacios limita y constriñe sus movilidades y lo que se constituye como oportunidad para ellos. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo que involucró 51 jóvenes, habitantes de periferias urbanas y estudiantes de 9º año de la enseñanza fundamental, de dos escuelas públicas municipales de Río de Janeiro, con edades entre 14 a 16 años. Se realizaron tres grupos de discusión con los jóvenes, además de observaciones-participantes en ambas escuelas. Los datos fueron analizados mediante el Análisis de Contenido. Los resultados evidencian que los jóvenes encuentran innumerables límites para su movilidad y enfrentan situaciones inoportunas en la calle, que constituyen lo que ellos nombran como caos. Ante la imprevisibilidad negativa asociada al espacio de la calle, el espacio doméstico es valorado, principalmente por proporcionar la seguridad que no se puede encontrar en la calle.

Palabras clave: Jóvenes, Juventud, Ciudad, Grupos Populares, Movilidades, Oportunidades.

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Biografía del autor/a

Sabrina Dal Ongaro Savegnago, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Pós-doutoranda do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Doutora em Psicologia pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Mestre em Psicologia pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria.

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Publicado

2019-11-15

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