• Óscar Alejandro Bonilla-Sepulveda Professor PostGraduate Gynecology and Obstetrics UniRemington, Medellín, Colombia.
  • Diana Carolina Giraldo-Santa Universidad de Caldas



Introduction: Mastalgia is a frequent clinical symptom in general and gynecological medicine consultation. The objectives of this bibliographical review are: to define the diagnostic concept, classification and treatment of mastalgia.

Methods: literature search in Pubmed, Scielo, Cochrane and Google Scholar, using the MeSH terms: mastodynia, mastalgia, breast pain, chest pain. The search limits were: full texts in English and Spanish, in humans and published during the last 10 years.

Results: the physiopathology of the mastodynia is not caused by a single mechanism, but by different causes with independent pathways. The main mechanisms are hormonal, mammary density, neuropathic and extra-mammary.

Conclusion: It is important to know the pathophysiology and classification of mastodynia, due to its therapeutic implications and possible association with breast cancer.


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Biografía del autor/a

Óscar Alejandro Bonilla-Sepulveda, Professor PostGraduate Gynecology and Obstetrics UniRemington, Medellín, Colombia.

fellow mastologia CES 2014

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Cómo citar

Bonilla-Sepulveda, Óscar A., & Giraldo-Santa, D. C. (2019). Mastodynia. CES Medicina, 33(2), 111–118.



Revisión de tema