Control social y personal, legitimidad de las autoridades y cohesión social como factores protectores de la conducta antisocial en adolescentes

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.5901

Palabras clave:

legitimidad de las autoridades, control social, control personal, cohesión social, conducta antisocial

Resumen

La ley puede modelar la conducta de diferentes maneras, consecuentemente, el objetivo de este estudio fue analizar los efectos de la legitimidad, el control social y personal, y la cohesión social en la conducta antisocial de jóvenes infractores. Doscientos menores infractores en México contestaron un cuestionario realizado para este estudio. Los datos fueron analizados a través de ecuaciones estructurales. Cuatro factores fueron especificados: Legitimidad de las autoridades, relacionada con la percepción de tratamiento justo por parte de policías y jueces. Disuasión y norma social conformaron la variable de control social. Orientación al futuro, normas personales y autodeterminación integraron la variable de control personal. La variable conducta antisocial resultó del autoreporte respecto a la conducta antisocial y la probabilidad de conducta antisocial, y del reporte de la conducta antisocial de los amigos. Los resultados indicaron un efecto negativo de la legitimidad y el control personal y uno positivo del control social en la conducta antisocial. La cohesión social tuvo un efecto positivo en el control social. Contrario a lo esperado el control social tuvo un efecto positivo en la conducta antisocial. Por lo tanto, se deben considerar alternativas al “tratamiento” en internamiento (cárcel), ya que la disuasión y el castigo no producen los efectos esperados de retraer a los adolescentes de que cometan delitos. La alternativa pudiera ser los programas de tratamiento comunitarios, así como programas de prevención e intervención que contemplen aspectos emocionales y cognitivos.

 

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Biografía del autor/a

Martha Frías Armenta, Universidad de Sonora

Doctora en Filosofía. Profesora Departamento de Derecho, Universidad de Sonora, México. 

Nadia Sarai Corral Frías, Universidad de Sonora

Doctora en Neurosciencias. Profesora Universidad de Sonora, México. 

Martha Esther Serrano Arias, Universidad de Sonora

Doctora en Ciencias Sociales. Profesora Universidad de Sonora, México. 

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2022-09-16

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Frías Armenta, M., Corral Frías, N. S., & Serrano Arias, M. E. (2022). Control social y personal, legitimidad de las autoridades y cohesión social como factores protectores de la conducta antisocial en adolescentes. CES Psicología, 15(3), 21–41. https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.5901

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