Relación entre materialismo, actitudes hacia el dinero, influencia de pares y satisfacción con la vida en adolescentes chilenos

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.5703

Palabras clave:

materialismo, adolescencia, actitudes hacia el dinero, influencia de pares, satisfacción con la vida

Resumen

El materialismo se ha reconocido como una variable importante en sociedades posmodernas, sin embargo, la mayor parte de los estudios respecto a este concepto se han centrado en población adulta. El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar la posible asociación entre materialismo y satisfacción con la vida, y el posible rol mediador de las actitudes hacia el dinero y la influencia de pares en dicha asociación, en una muestra de adolescentes chilenos 1325 estudiantes de secundaria completaron un cuestionario que media materialismo, actitudes hacia el dinero, susceptibilidad a la influencia de pares, y satisfacción con la vida. En primer lugar, se realizó un análisis factorial confirmatorio para validar las escalas utilizadas. En segundo lugar, se probó un modelo teórico utilizando la macro PROCESS de SPSS de Hayes (2013). El modelo teórico consideró materialismo como variable predictora, satisfacción con la vida como variable predicha, y actitudes hacia el dinero, y susceptibilidad a la influencia de pares como variables mediadoras. Los resultados indican que actitudes materialistas hacia el dinero fortalecen una asociación negativa entre materialismo y satisfacción con la vida. Esta tendencia no se observa en susceptibilidad a la influencia de pares a pesar de estar asociada positivamente con materialismo y actitudes hacia el dinero. Estos Hallazgos sugieren que las variables materialismo y actitudes hacia el dinero juegan un rol relevante en la satisfacción con la vida de adolescentes chilenos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Marianela Denegri Coria, Universidad de La Frontera

PhD. in Psychology. Director of the Center of Excellence in Economic and Consumer Psychology, and of the Scientific and Technological Nucleus in Social Sciences and Humanities, at Universidad de La Frontera. Temuco, Chile. 

Verónica Peñaloza, Universidad Estadual Do Ceará

PhD. in Economics. Professor at Universidad Estadual Do Ceará. Fortaleza, Brasil.

José Sepúlveda, Universidad de La Frontera

PhD. in Psychology. Postdoctoral researcher at Universidad de La Frontera. 

Leonor Riquelme, Universidad de La Frontera

Magister in Psychology. Academic and doctoral student at Universidad de La Frontera. 

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2022-02-03

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Denegri Coria, M., Peñaloza, V., Sepúlveda, J., & Riquelme, L. (2022). Relación entre materialismo, actitudes hacia el dinero, influencia de pares y satisfacción con la vida en adolescentes chilenos. CES Psicología, 15(1), 68–95. https://doi.org/10.21615/cesp.5703

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