Riesgo biomecánico por sobrecarga estática y presencia de trastornos musculoesqueléticos en odontólogos durante su práctica clínica asistencial. Una revisión narrativa

Autores/as

  • Vicenzo Vicente Agredo Silva Universidad CES
  • María Camila Arias-Arango Universidad CES
  • Juliana Villegas- Monsalve Universidad CES
  • Natalia Zapata-Ortega Universidad CES
  • Ricardo Sergio Zapata-Martínez Universidad CES
  • Mariana Zuluaga-Tamayo Universidad CES

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesodon.5989

Palabras clave:

riesgo ergonómico, ergonomía, trastornos musculoesqueléticos, odontólogos, riesgo biomecánico

Resumen

Los trastornos musculoesqueléticos son lesiones que afectan el movimiento corporal, incluyendo músculos, tendones, ligamentos, entre otros. Estos trastornos son unos de los problemas más importantes en la práctica clínica odontológica, ocasionados en su mayoría por sobrecarga física tanto dinámica como estática, en particular para esta última, toma relevancia la postura mantenida en posición bípeda o sedente durante la realización de procedimientos extremadamente precisos en un espacio de trabajo tan pequeño como lo es la cavidad oral; por esto, se pretende con base en la literatura existente, describir el riesgo biomecánico por sobrecarga estática y los trastornos musculoesqueléticos en odontólogos. Con esta intención se realizó una revisión narrativa de la literatura científica al respecto en español e inglés de productos de investigación de los últimos diez años, utilizando descriptores DeCS y MeSH, en fuentes académicas y científicas de Pubmed, Medline, Scopus y Google académico en donde se seleccionaron 50 artículos teniendo como resultado principal que si existe una relación entre riesgo biomecánico y sobrecarga estática con la aparición de trastornos musculoesqueléticos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Vicenzo Vicente Agredo Silva, Universidad CES

Fisioterapeuta. MSc Salud Ocupacional, MSc Administración, Esp Docencia Universitaria e Investigación. Estudiante de segundo año de doctorado en Salud Publica, Docente. Universidad CES. 

María Camila Arias-Arango, Universidad CES

Estudiantes noveno semestre. Facultad de Fisioterapia. Universidad CES. 

Juliana Villegas- Monsalve, Universidad CES

Estudiantes noveno semestre. Facultad de Fisioterapia. Universidad CES. 

Natalia Zapata-Ortega, Universidad CES

Fisioterapeutas. Universidad CES. 

Ricardo Sergio Zapata-Martínez, Universidad CES

Fisioterapeutas. Universidad CES. 

Mariana Zuluaga-Tamayo, Universidad CES

Fisioterapeutas. Universidad CES. 

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Publicado

2021-12-17

Cómo citar

1.
Agredo Silva VV, Arias-Arango MC, Villegas- Monsalve J, Zapata-Ortega N, Zapata-Martínez RS, Zuluaga-Tamayo M. Riesgo biomecánico por sobrecarga estática y presencia de trastornos musculoesqueléticos en odontólogos durante su práctica clínica asistencial. Una revisión narrativa. CES odontol. [Internet]. 17 de diciembre de 2021 [citado 28 de enero de 2022];34(2):123-38. Disponible en: https://revistas.ces.edu.co/index.php/odontologia/article/view/5989

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