Aspectos clínicos de la fluorosis dental de acuerdo con las características histológicas: una revisión del Índice de Thylstrup Fejerskov

Autores/as

  • Jéssica Patrícia Cavalheiro Universidad Estadual Paulista
  • Diego Girotto Bussaneli Universidad Estadual Paulista
  • Manuel Restrepo Universidad CES
  • Camila Maria Bullio Fragelli Universidad Estadual Paulista
  • Rita de Cássia Loiola Cordeiro Universidad Estadual Paulista
  • Alfonso Escobar Rojas Universidad CES
  • Lourdes Santos-Pinto Universidad Estadual Paulista
  • Fabiano Jeremias Universidad Estadual Paulista

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesodon.30.1.4

Palabras clave:

fluorosis dental, diagnóstico, clasificación

Resumen

La fluorosis dental (FD) es un defecto del desarrollo del esmalte dental causado por la ingesta crónica y excesiva de fluoruro, que resulta en un esmalte hipomineralizado y poroso. Clínicamente se manifiesta desde manchas y delicadas líneas blancas hasta manchas opacas que cubren parte o toda la superficie del esmalte, el cual es susceptible a pigmentaciones o fracturas post-eruptivas. Sin embargo, establecer el grado de compromiso de los dientes no es una tarea fácil y para esto se han presentado índices que determinan el grado de severidad con mayor o menor detalle. Como la decisión de tratamiento está estrechamente relacionada a la gravedad del defecto, el objetivo de este artículo es presentar los aspectos clínicos de la fluorosis dental de acuerdo al Índice de Thylstrup-Fejerskov (1978). Los grados de severidad son representados de acuerdo con las características histológicas y las diferencias entre ellos son discutidas para que el odontólogo pueda diagnosticas correctamente y escoger el tratamiento más adecuado para el paciente con FD.

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Publicado

2017-10-11

Cómo citar

1.
Cavalheiro JP, Girotto Bussaneli D, Restrepo M, Bullio Fragelli CM, Loiola Cordeiro R de C, Escobar Rojas A, Santos-Pinto L, Jeremias F. Aspectos clínicos de la fluorosis dental de acuerdo con las características histológicas: una revisión del Índice de Thylstrup Fejerskov. CES odontol. [Internet]. 11 de octubre de 2017 [citado 10 de agosto de 2022];30(1):41-50. Disponible en: https://revistas.ces.edu.co/index.php/odontologia/article/view/4393

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