Asociación de polimorfismos en los genes CAPN y CAST con propiedades fisicoquímicas de la carne bovina: una revisión

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesmvz.16.1.1

Palabras clave:

bovino, pH, sistema proteolítico, calidad sensorial, terneza, CRA, manejo post mortem

Resumen

Las propiedades fisicoquímicas como terneza, color, jugosidad, sabor, marmoleo, pH y capacidad de retención de agua, son consideradas como los atributos que tienen mayor importancia en la calidad de la carne. El manejo pos mortem influye en el funcionamiento del sistema proteolítico de las enzimas μ-calpaínas y calpastatinas, que están codificadas por los genes CAPN1 y CAST, respectivamente. Esta revisión muestra las asociaciones de los polimorfismos CAPN1 y CAST con el fin de explicar las propiedades fisicoquímicas antes mencionadas, que determinan las características relacionadas con la calidad de la carne. Existen polimorfismos de CAPN1 y CAST asociados a propiedades fisicoquímicas particulares de la carne, pero no todos los polimorfismos se asocian con las propiedades mencionadas. La actividad del sistema proteolítico de las enzimas varía según el manejo peri y post mortem. La presencia o ausencia de un polimorfismo varía entre razas. Por consiguiente, las asociaciones de polimorfismos de nucleótido simple con las propiedades fisicoquímicas de la carne mencionadas en esta revisión podrían ayudar a mejorar los indicadores de calidad de la carne bovina.

Biografía del autor/a

José Américo Saucedo Uriarte, Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza de Amazonas

Doctorado en Ciencias para el Desarrollo Sustentable de la Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza de Amazonas. 

Ilse Silvia Cayo Colca, Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza de Amazonas

Escuela de Posgrado de la Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza de Amazonas. 

Clavel Diaz Quevedo, Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza de Amazonas

Doctorado en Ciencias para el Desarrollo Sustentable de la Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza de Amazonas.

Rainer Marco López Lapa, Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza de Amazonas

Laboratorio de Fisiología Molecular de la Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza de Amazonas. 

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2021-05-28

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Saucedo Uriarte, J. A., Cayo Colca, I. S., Diaz Quevedo, C., & López Lapa, R. M. (2021). Asociación de polimorfismos en los genes CAPN y CAST con propiedades fisicoquímicas de la carne bovina: una revisión. CES Medicina Veterinaria Y Zootecnia, 16(1), 8-28. https://doi.org/10.21615/cesmvz.16.1.1

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