Uso de la P-CPQ para medir el impacto de la salud oral en la calidad de vida de los niños con necesidades especiales de atención médica

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesodon.6010

Palabras clave:

calidad de vida, salud bucal, atención dental para personas con discapacidades

Resumen

Introducción y objetivo: la OMS definió el concepto de calidad de vida como la autopercepción que tiene el individuo sobre su posición en el contexto social, cultural e ideológico, siendo estos factores los principales responsables de denotar los peores parámetros en cuanto al cuidado de la salud bucal durante el examen clínico dental realizado por el dentista. Evaluar el impacto de la salud bucal en la calidad de vida de los niños con necesidades especiales de atención de la salud de 7 a 14 años de edad y la influencia de los diferentes tipos de especialidades en la calidad de vida, en opinión de los padres/cuidadores de la región sudoriental del Brasil. Materiales y métodos: la muestra se compuso de 62 niños matriculados en escuelas públicas municipales y en la Asociación de Padres y Amigos de los Excepcionales. Se utilizó el cuestionario validado Parental- Caregivers Perception Questionnaire (P-CPQ) como instrumento para la reunión de datos, aplicado en el entorno doméstico y contestado por el principal responsable. La relación entre los factores demográficos, el tipo de necesidad especial y el P-CPQ se evaluó con un alfa de 0,05. Resultados: los peores parámetros en la Escala de Impacto Familiar se observaron cuando la madre y el padre fueron los responsables de la transmisión de datos (p= 0,004). La salud oral se asoció con los peores parámetros de los síntomas orales sobre la calidad de vida a juicio de los padres (p = 0,012). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en cuanto al impacto del tipo de especialidad del niño en la calidad de vida. Conclusión: las variables "cuidador" y "estado de salud bucal del niño" se relacionan con los peores indicadores relativos al impacto de la salud bucal en la calidad de vida.

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Biografía del autor/a

Francois Isnaldo Dias-Caldeira, UFederal University of Alfenas

Dental Surgeon, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas-MG, Brazil.

Luísa Baeta-de-Oliveira, Federal University of Alfenas

Dental Surgeon, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas-MG, Brazil.

Caio Luiz Bintencourt-Reis, Federal University of Alfenas

Master in Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas-MG, Brazil.

Ana Cláudia Pedreira-de-Almeida, Federal University of Alfenas

PhD in functional and molecular biology, Associate Professor of pharmacology, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas-MG, Brazil.

Denismar Alves-Nogueira, Federal University of Alfenas

PhD in Statistics, Associate Professor of Statistics, Department of Statistics of the Institute of Exact Sciences, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas-MG, Brazil.

Daniela Coelho-de-Lima, Federal University of Alfenas

PhD Preventive and Social Dentistry, Associate Professor of Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas-MG, Brazil.

Daniela Silva Barroso-de-Oliveira, Federal University of Alfenas

PhD Pediatric Dentistry, Associate Professor of Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas-MG, Brazil.

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Publicado

2022-09-06

Cómo citar

1.
Isnaldo Dias-Caldeira F, Baeta-de-Oliveira L, Bintencourt-Reis CL, Pedreira-de-Almeida AC, Alves-Nogueira D, Coelho-de-Lima D, Barroso-de-Oliveira DS. Uso de la P-CPQ para medir el impacto de la salud oral en la calidad de vida de los niños con necesidades especiales de atención médica. CES odontol. [Internet]. 6 de septiembre de 2022 [citado 27 de septiembre de 2022];35(1):17-30. Disponible en: https://revistas.ces.edu.co/index.php/odontologia/article/view/6010

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Sección

Artículo de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica