Resina precalentada como agente cementante: una revisión de tema

Autores/as

Palabras clave:

cementos de resina, resinas compuestas, cementos dentales, resina precalentada

Resumen

En los años 90s, se empezó con el uso de la resina compuesta como agente cementante, la cual tiene como ventajas: un margen con alto contenido de relleno, facilidad de limpiar excesos antes de la polimerización, potencial de rellenar cualquier defecto en la preparación mejorando el sellado marginal, etc. Uno de las controversias de esta técnica, es la elevación de la temperatura intra pulpar, la cual, sumada al proceso de polimerización podría llegar a elevarse hasta causar algún daño irreversible, sin embargo, se ha demostrado, que la resina precalentada se enfría rápidamente, gracias a los tejidos dentarios que disipan el calor y al tiempo transcurrido de llevar la resina del horno a la boca. Con el calentamiento de las resinas, se produce una reducción de su viscosidad, permitiendo una menor formación de gaps y una mejor adaptación marginal, sin afectar las propiedades mecánicas de las resinas compuestas, esto ocurre debido al aumento de la movilidad molecular, las cuales optimizan sus propiedades mecánicas luego de la polimerización. Con respecto a las propiedades adhesivas los cementos resinosos y las resinas precalentadas han sido evaluadas mediante la fijación de las restauraciones indirectas a la estructura dentaria, obteniéndose con las resinas precalentada resultados favorables con relación a la filtración, resistencia adhesiva, pero en cuanto al grosor, el cemento resinoso genera una película más fina, sin embargo logra ser posible utilizar la resina precalentada como agente cementante como una técnica segura.

Citas

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Publicado

2020-12-31

Cómo citar

Alvarado Santillan, G. H., & Huertas Mogollón, G. A. (2020). Resina precalentada como agente cementante: una revisión de tema. CES Odontología, 33(2), 159-174. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.ces.edu.co/index.php/odontologia/article/view/5000

Número

Sección

Revisión de Tema