Prevalencia de caries en adolescentes atendidos en la red de salud del Valle del Cauca: alternativas de medición y factores asociados (Caries prevalence in adolescents treated in the Valle del Cauca health network: alternative measurement and factors...

Autores/as

  • Jairo Corchuelo Ojeda Universidad de Guadalajara, Universidad del Valle
  • Libia Soto LLanos Universidad del Valle, Universidad del CES
  • Juan Carlos Mambuscay Universidad del Valle

Resumen

Resumen

Introducción: la caries dental es un problema de salud pública y la formacomo se ha medido su prevalencia no ha tenido en cuenta las lesiones cariosassin cavidad. Objetivo: describir la prevalencia de caries y la relacióncon factores sociales en adolescentes atendidos en hospitales públicos enel Valle del Cauca. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio transversalanalítico en 305 adolescentes; se registró el índice COP clásico y COPmodificado según instrumento clínico suministrado por el Ministerio deProtección Social de Colombia. Los adolescentes auto diligenciaron unaencuesta estructurada que incluían variables sociodemográficas y prácticasen salud bucodental. Los estimadores fueron calculados teniendo encuenta el diseño, utilizando el programa estadístico SPSS® versión 17 yEpi Info 3.5.1. Resultados: se encontró una prevalencia de caries de 82,3%(caries con o sin cavitación) y una prevalencia de 62,6% (caries con cavitación);con una media de dientes cariados sin cavitación de 1,67 (IC95%1,36–1,98) y una media de 2,86 (IC95% 2,45-3,26) de dientes cariados concavitación. La prevalencia más baja se presentó a los 12 y 13 años de edad.Se encontró un COP clásico de 4,6±4,5; el COP modificado fue de 6,3±4,8.En análisis de regresión simple, el tipo de seguridad social y la edad secorrelacionaron con el de COP y la historia de caries. Conclusiones: laprevalencia de caries fue mayor a la encontrada en el ENSAB III y IV. Tantola historia de caries como la prevalencia de caries resultaron asociadas a laedad, la seguridad social, la pertenencia a un grupo poblacional vulnerable.

 

Caries prevalence in adolescents treated in the Valle del Caucahealth network: alternative measurement and factors associated

Abstract:

Introduction: tooth decay is a public health problem and how has measuredits prevalence has not taken account of carious lesions withoutcavity. Objetive: this study aims to describe the prevalence of tooth decayand relation to social factors in adolescents treated in public hospitals in the Valle del Cauca. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional study wasconducted in 305 adolescents; classic-modified DMF index and caries experienceas clinical instrument provided by the Ministry of Social Protection of Colombiawas recorded. The auto teens fill out an application structured questionnaire thatincluded demographic variables and practices in oral health. The estimates werecalculated taking into account the design, using the statistical program SPSSversion 17 and Epi Info 3.5.1. Results: prevalence 82.3% caries (caries with orwithout cavitation) and 62.6% prevalence (caries cavitation) was found; with anaverage of decayed teeth without cavitation of 1.67 (95%CI 1.36-1.98) and a meanof 2.86 (95%CI 2.45-3.26) of decayed teeth with cavitation. The lowest prevalencewas presented at 12 and 13 years old. a classic DMF of 4.6±4.5 was found; themodified DFM was 6.3±4.8. In simple regression analysis, the type of social securityand age were correlated with DFM and history of caries. Conclusion: Theprevalence of caries was higher than that found in the ENSAB III and IV ENSAB.Both the history of caries and caries prevalence were associated with age, socialsecurity, membership in a vulnerable population group.

 

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21615/cesodon.29.1.3

Biografía del autor/a

Jairo Corchuelo Ojeda, Universidad de Guadalajara, Universidad del Valle

PhD, Ciencias de la Salud Pública, Profesor Titular, Escuela de Odontología

Libia Soto LLanos, Universidad del Valle, Universidad del CES

Odontóloga, Profesora Titular, especialista en Odontopediatria y Ortodoncia clínica preventiva

Juan Carlos Mambuscay, Universidad del Valle

Estudiante de Pregrado, Escuela de Odontología

Citas

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2016-08-18

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Corchuelo Ojeda, J., Soto LLanos, L., & Mambuscay, J. C. (2016). Prevalencia de caries en adolescentes atendidos en la red de salud del Valle del Cauca: alternativas de medición y factores asociados (Caries prevalence in adolescents treated in the Valle del Cauca health network: alternative measurement and factors. CES Odontología, 29(1), 22-32. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.ces.edu.co/index.php/odontologia/article/view/3921

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Artículo de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica