Perfil lipídico e inhibidores de integrasa: revisión sistemática y metaanálisis

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21615/cesmedicina.6017

Palabras clave:

VIH, Inhibidores de integrasa, Colesterol, Dislipidemias, Revisión sistemática

Resumen

Introducción: en pacientes con virus de inmunodeficiencia humana algunos antirretrovirales afectan el perfil lipídico incrementando el riesgo cardiovascular. Hay evidencia de que los inhibidores de integrasa afectan poco al perfil lipídico. El presente estudio buscó evaluar la mejor evidencia disponible sobre cambios en lípidos de pacientes con virus de inmunodeficiencia humana que cambiaron su terapia antirretroviral a esquemas con inhibidores de integrasa. Métodos: revisión sistemática de la literatura con intención metaanalítica. A partir de la pregunta: “En pacientes mayores de 16 años con virus de inmunodeficiencia humana, los esquemas antirretrovirales que incluyen inhibidores de integrasa comparados con aquellos esquemas antirretrovirales que no los incluyen, ¿presentan cambios en el perfil lipídico?” se extrajeron palabras clave para búsqueda de la evidencia publicada entre 1997 y diciembre 2019. Se incluyeron estudios experimentales y observacionales y su calidad fue evaluada. Se realizó análisis por inhibidor de integrasa y parámetro lipídico buscándose síntesis cuantitativa de la evidencia. Resultados: se identificaron 17 estudios relevantes susceptibles de síntesis de la evidencia con un total de 5 683 pacientes. De estos, 2 878 entraron a síntesis cuantitativa. Acorde a lo encontrado, los inhibidores de integrasa presentan mejor perfil lipídico comparados a otros antirretrovirales. Dolutegravir fue el que mostró mejor perfil lipídico cuando la comparación se hizo con inhibidores de proteasa. Raltegravir tuvo mejor perfil lipídico comparándolo con inhibidores de transcriptasa inversa no análogos de nucleósidos. Conclusiones: el uso de inhibidores de integrasa es un factor relevante en el control del riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes con virus de inmunodeficiencia humana.

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Publicado

2021-07-06

Cómo citar

Lopera-Rodríguez, J. A., & López-Quiceno, L. (2021). Perfil lipídico e inhibidores de integrasa: revisión sistemática y metaanálisis. CES Medicina, 35(2), 77–97. https://doi.org/10.21615/cesmedicina.6017

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Artículos de revisión