CREATIVIDAD. UNA REVISIÓN DESCRIPTIVA SOBRE NUESTRA CAPACIDAD DE INVENCIÓN E INNOVACIÓN (Creativity. A descriptive review of our invention and innovation capacity)

Veronika Diaz Abrahan, Nadia Justel

Resumen


En el campo de las neurociencias, la creatividad es la capacidad de generar soluciones, ideas nuevas y útiles, o asociaciones múltiples, alternativas y variadas a un problema o estímulo dado. A esta capacidad de creación e innovación subyace una red neuronal cortical y subcortical que soporta la interacción dinámica y constante de funciones cognitivas superiores. Existen diferentes modelos cognitivos que explican cómo funciona nuestra capacidad de crear y diferentes factores asociados al rendimiento creativo como, por ejemplo, el sexo, la personalidad o el entrenamiento. El objetivo del presente trabajo está orientado a revisar los antecedentes científicos en torno a los sustratos neuroanatómicos y funcionales de la creatividad, y el efecto modulador que ejercen los aspectos biológicos, psicológicos y ambientales sobre esta capacidad del ser humano.

Palabras clave: Creatividad, Neuroanatomía, Neurociencias, Cognición, Modulación.

Abstract

En el campo de las neurociencias, la creatividad es la capacidad de generar soluciones, ideas nuevas y útiles, o asociaciones múltiples, alternativas y variadas a un problema o estímulo dado. A esta capacidad de creación e innovación subyace una red neuronal cortical y subcortical que soporta la interacción dinámica y constante de funciones cognitivas superiores. Existen diferentes modelos cognitivos que explican cómo funciona nuestra capacidad de crear y diferentes factores asociados al rendimiento creativo como, por ejemplo, el sexo, la personalidad o el entrenamiento. El objetivo del presente trabajo está orientado a revisar los antecedentes científicos en torno a los sustratos neuroanatómicos y funcionales de la creatividad, y el efecto modulador que ejercen los aspectos biológicos, psicológicos y ambientales sobre esta capacidad del ser humano.

Keywords: Creativity, Neuroanatomy, Neuroscience, Cognition, Modulation.


Palabras clave


creatividad, neuroanatomía, cognición, modulación.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Abraham, A. (2014). Creative thinking as orchestrated by semantic processing vs. cognitive control brain networks. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 95. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00095

Abraham, A., Thybusch, K., & Pieritz, K. (2013). Gender differences in creative thinking: Behavioral and fMRI findings. Brain Imaging and Behavior, 8(1), 39-51. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11682-013-9241-4

Adhikari, M., Norgaard, M., Quinn, M., Ampudia, J., Squirek, J., & Dhamala, M. (2016). The brain network underpinning novel melody creation. Brain Connectivity, 6(10), 772-785. doi: https://doi.org/10.1089/brain.2016.0453

An, D., Song, Y., & Carr, M. (2016). A comparison of two models of creativity: Divergent thinking and creative expert performance. Personality and Individual Differences, 90, 78–84. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.040

An, D., & Youn, N. (2018). The inspirational power of arts on creativity. Journal of Business Research, 85, 467–475. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.10.025

Andrews-Hanna, J. R. (2012). The brain's default network and its adaptive role in internal mentation. The Neuroscientist, 18(3), 251–270. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/1073858411403316

Andrews-Hanna, J., Smallwood, J., & Spreng, R. (2014). The default network and self-generated thought: Component processes, dynamic control, and clinical relevance. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1316(1), 29–52. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12360

Aziz-Zadeh, L., Liew, S., & Dandekar, F. (2013). Exploring the neural correlates of visual creativity. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8(4), 475-480. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nss021

Baas, M., Roskes, M., Sligte, D., Nijstad, B. A., & De Dreu, C. K. W. (2013). Personality and creativity: The dual pathway to creativity model and a research agenda. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7(10), 732–748. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12062

Baas, M., Nijstad, B. A., & De Dreu, C. K. W. (2015). The cognitive, emotional and neural correlates of creativity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9(275), 1-2. doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00275

Baer, J. (1991). Generality of creativity across performance domains. Creativity Research Journal, 4(1), 23–39. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419109534371

Baer, J., & Kaufman, J. C. (2008). Gender differences in creativity. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 42(2), 75-105. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2162-6057.2008.tb01289.x

Beaty, R., Smeekens, B., Silvia, P., Hodges, D., & Kane, M. (2013). A first look at the role of domain-general cognitive and creative abilities in jazz improvisation. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain, 23(4), 262-268. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0034968

Beaty, R. (2015). The neuroscience of musical improvisation. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 51, 108-117. doi: https://doi.org/org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2015.01.004

Beaty, R., Benedek, M., Silvia, P., & Schacter, D. (2016). Creative cognition and brain network dynamics. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20(2), 87–95. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2015.10.004

Batey, M., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., & Furnham, A. (2009). Intelligence and personality as predictors of divergent thinking: The role of general, fluid and crystallized intelligence. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 4, 60–69. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2010.04.008

Batey, M., & Furnham, A. (2006). Creativity, intelligence, and personality: A critical review of the scattered literature. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 132(4), 355–429. doi: https://doi.org/10.3200/MONO.132.4.355-430

Batey, M., Furnham, A., & Safiullina, X. (2010). Intelligence, general knowledge and personality as predictors of creativity. Learning and Individual Differences, 20(5), 532–535. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2010.04.008

Beaty, R., Silvia, P., Nusbaum, E., Jauk, E., & Benedek, M. (2014). The roles of associative and executive processes in creative cognition. Memory & Cognition, 42(7), 1186–1197. doi: https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-014-0428-8

Benedek, M., Borovnjak, B., Neubauer, C., & Kruse-Weber, S. (2014). Creativity and personality in classical, jazz and folk musicians. Personality and Individual Differences, 63(100), 117–121. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.064

Benedek, M., Jauk, E., Fink, A., Koschutnig, K., Reishofer, G., Ebner, F., & Neubauer, A. C. (2014). To create or to recall? Neural mechanisms underlying the generation of creative new ideas. NeuroImage, 88(100), 125–133. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.11.021

Benedek, M., Jauk, E., Sommer, M., Arendasy, M., & Neubauer, A. C. (2014). Intelligence, creativity, and cognitive control: The common and differential involvement of executive functions in intelligence and creativity. Intelligence, 46, 73–83. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2014.05.007

Biasutti, M. (2015). Pedagogical applications of cognitive research on musical improvisation. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 614. doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00614

Castillo-Vergara, M., Galleguillos, N., Cuello, G., Alvarez-Marin, L., & Acuña-Opazo, C. (2018). Does socioeconomic status influence student creativity? Thinking Skills and Creativity, 29, 142-152. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2018.07.005

Carlsson, I., Wendt, P., & Risberg, J. (2000). On the neurobiology of creativity. Differences in frontal activity between high and low creative subjects. Neuropsychologia, 38(6), 873-885. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0028-3932(99)00128-1

Charles, R. E., & Runco, M. A. (2000). Developmental trends in the evaluation and divergent thinking of children. Creativity Research Journal, 13(3-4), 417–437. doi: https://doi.org/10.1207/S15326934CRJ1334_19

Charyton, C., & Snelbecker, G. E. (2007). General, artistic and scientific creativity attributes of engineering and music students. Creativity Research Journal, 19(2-3), 213-225. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10400410701397271

Chiang, Y., Hsu, C., & Shih, H. (2017). Extroversion personality, domain knowledge, and the creativity of new product development engineers. Creativity Research Journal, 29(4), 387-396. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2017.1376501

Corbett, F., Jefferies, E., & Ralph, M. A. L. (2011). Deregulated semantic cognition follows prefrontal and temporo-parietal damage: evidence from the impact of task constraint on nonverbal object use. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 1125–1135. doi: https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn.2010.21539

Cruz de Souza, L., Volle, E., Bertoux, M., Virginie, C., Aurelie, F., Allali, G, … Levy, R. (2010). Poor creativity in frontotemporal dementia: A window into the neural bases of the creative mind. Neuropsychologia, 48(13), 3733-3742. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.09.010

De Dreu, C. K., Nijstad, B. A., Baas, M., Wolsink, I., & Roskes, M. (2012). Working memory benefits creative insight, musical improvisation, and original ideation through maintained task-focused attention. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38(5), 656–669. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167211435795

De Dreu, C. K. W., Baas, M., Roskes, M., Sligte, D. J., Ebstein, R. P., Chew, S., … Shamay-Tsoory, S. G.H., (2014). Oxytonergic circuitry sustains and enables creative cognition in humans. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9(8), 1159–1165. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nst094

Demarin, V., Bedekovic, M., Puretic, M., & Pasic, M. (2016). Arts, Brain and Cognition. Psychiatria Danubina, 28(4), 343–348.

Dietrich, A. (2004). The cognitive neuroscience of creativity. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 11(6), 1011–1026. doi: https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03196731

Drago, V., Foster, P. S., Skidmore, F. M., & Heilman, K. M. (2009). Creativity in Parkinson's disease as a function of right versus left hemibody onset. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 276(15), 179-183. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2008.09.026

Feist, G. J. (1998). A meta-analysis of personality in scientific and artistic creativity. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2(4), 290–309. doi: https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327957pspr0204_5

Fink, A., & Woschnjak, S. (2011). Creativity and personality in professional dancers. Personality and Individual Differences 51(6), 754–758. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2011.06.024

Furnham, A., Batey, M., Anand, K., & Manfield, J. (2008). Personality, hypomania, intelligence and creativity. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(5), 4060-1069. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2007.10.035

Gonen-Yaacovi, G., de Souza, L. C., Levy, R., Urbanski, M., Josse, G., & Volle, E. (2013). Rostral and caudal prefrontal contributions to creativity: A meta-analysis of functional imaging data. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7(465), 1-22. doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00465

Gosling, S., Rentfrow, P., & Swann, W. (2003). A very brief measure of the Big-Five personality domains. Journal of Research in Personality, 37(6), 504–528. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0092-6566(03)00046-1

Guilford, J.P. (1950). Creativity. The American Psychologist, 5(9), 444-454. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/h0063487

Gultepe, B., & Coskum, H. (2016). Music and cognitive stimulation influence idea generation. Psychology of Music, 44(1) 3 –14. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735615580356

Hass, R. W., & Weisberg, R. W. (2009). Career development in two seminal songwriters: A test of the equal odds rule. Creativity Research Journal, 21, 183–190. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10400410902855275

Hui, A., & Lau, S. (2006). Drama education: A touch of the creative mind and communicative-expressive ability of elementary school children in Hong Kong. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 1(1), 34–40. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2005.06.001

Jung, R. E., Segall, J. M., Jeremy Bockholt, H., Flores, R. A., Smith, S. M., Chavez, R. S., … Haier, R. J. (2010). Neuroanatomy of creativity. Human brain mapping, 31(3), 398-409. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.20874

Katz, A. (1986). The relationships between creativity and cerebral hemisphericity for creative architects, scientists, and mathematicians. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 4(2), 1-10. doi: https://doi.org/10.2190/6NHB-PEV0-25KP-UKEC

Kleinmintz, O. M., Goldstein, P., Mayseless, N., Abecasis, D., & Shamay-Tsoory, S. G. (2014). Expertise in musical improvisation and creativity: The mediation of idea evaluation. PLoS ONE, 9(7), e101568. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101568

Kowatari, Y., Lee, H., Yamamura, H., Nagamori, Y., Nagamori, Y., Levy, P., … Yamamoto, M. (2009). Neural networks involved in artistic creativity. Human Brain Mapping, 30(5), 1678–1690. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.20633

Madura, P. (1996). Relationships among Vocal Jazz Improvisation Achievement, Jazz Theory Knowledge, Imitative Ability, Musical Experience, Creativity, and Gender. Journal of Research in Music Education, 44(3), 252-267. doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/3345598

McPherson, M., & Limb, C. (2013). Difficulties in the neuroscience of creativity: Jazz improvisation and the scientific method. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1303, 80-83. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12174

Nijstad, B. A., De Dreu, C. K. W., Rietzschel, E. F., & Baas, M. (2010). Towards a dual-pathway to creativity model: Creative ideation as a function of flexibility and persistence. European Review of Social Psychology, 21, 34–77. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10463281003765323

Plucker, J. A., & Makel, M. C. (2010). Assessment of Creativity. In J. Kaufman and R. Sternberg (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity (pp. 48–73). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Raven, J., Raven, J. C., & Court, J. H. (1998). Manual for Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices. Oxford: Oxford Psychologists Press.

Reuter, M., Roth, S., Holve, K., & Hennig, J. (2006). Identification of first candidate genes for creativity: A pilot study. Brain Research, 1069(1), 190-197. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2005.11.046

Runco, M. A., & Richards, R. (1997). Eminent creativity, everyday creativity, and health. Greenwood Publishing Group: Westport, Connecticut.

Runco, M. A., & Jaeger, G. J. (2012). The standard definition of creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 24(1), 92–96. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2012.650092

Schacter, D., Addis, D., & Buckner, R. (2007). Remembering the past to imagine the future: The prospective brain. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8(9), 657–661. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn2213

Si Si, S. Z., & Qi Yu, J. Z. (2018). The interaction of DRD2 and parenting style in predicting creativity. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 27, 64–77. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2017.11.001

Silvia, P. J. (2008). Another look at creativity and intelligence: Exploring higher-order models and probable confounds. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(4), 1012−1021. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2007.10.027

Smith, S. M., Ward, T. B., & Schumacher, J. S. (1993). Restricción de los efectos de los ejemplos en una tarea de generación creativa. Memory Cognition, 21, 837–845. doi: https://doi.org/10.3758 / bf03202751

Stephan, E. (2017). The influence of a foreign versus native language on creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 29(4), 426-432. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2017.1376544

Sternberg, R. J., & Lubart, T. I. (1996). Investing in creativity. American Psychologist, 51(7), 677–688. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.51.7.677

Takeuchi, H., Tomita, H., Taki, Y., Kikuchi, Y., Ono, C., Yu, Z, … Kawashima, R. (2015). The associations among the dopamine D2 receptor Taq1, emotional intelligence, creative potential measured by divergent thinking, and motivational state and these associations' sex differences. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 912. doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00912

Torrance, E. P. (1966). Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking. Lexington, MA: Personnel Press.

Torrance, E. P. (1982). Hemisphericity and creative functioning. Journal of research and development in education, 15(3), 29–37.

Wallach, M. A., & Kogan, N. (1965). Modes of thinking in young children: a study of the creativity-intelligence distinction. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Ward T. B. (1994). Structured imagination: the role of category structure in exemplar generation. Cognitive Psychology, 27, 1–40. doi: https://doi.org/10.1006/cogp.1994.1010

Ward, T. B. (2007). Creative cognition as a window on creativity. Methods, 42(1), 28-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymeth.2006.12.002

Yi, X., Plucker, J., & Guo, J. (2015). Modeling influences on divergent thinking and artistic creativity. Thinking Skills and Creativity 16, 62–68. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2015.02.002




Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.

 

 

Revista CES Psicología/ISSN 2011-3080 Facultad de Psicología Universidad CES

Publicada desde 2008

Ultima actualización Septiembre 2 de 2019

 

Copyright© 2011 Universidad CES, Calle 10A No. 22 - 04, Medellín, Colombia

 

http://www.ces.edu.co/