CREATIVIDAD. UNA REVISIÓN DESCRIPTIVA SOBRE NUESTRA CAPACIDAD DE INVENCIÓN E INNOVACIÓN (Creativity. A descriptive review of our invention and innovation capacity)

Veronika Diaz Abrahan, Nadia Justel

Resumen


En el campo de las neurociencias, la creatividad es la capacidad de generar soluciones, ideas nuevas y útiles, o asociaciones múltiples, alternativas y variadas a un problema o estímulo dado. A esta capacidad de creación e innovación subyace una red neuronal cortical y subcortical que soporta la interacción dinámica y constante de funciones cognitivas superiores. Existen diferentes modelos cognitivos que explican cómo funciona nuestra capacidad de crear y diferentes factores asociados al rendimiento creativo como, por ejemplo, el sexo, la personalidad o el entrenamiento. El objetivo del presente trabajo está orientado a revisar los antecedentes científicos en torno a los sustratos neuroanatómicos y funcionales de la creatividad, y el efecto modulador que ejercen los aspectos biológicos, psicológicos y ambientales sobre esta capacidad del ser humano.

Palabras clave: Creatividad, Neuroanatomía, Neurociencias, Cognición, Modulación.


Abstract

In the field of neuroscience, creativity is the ability to generate solutions, multiple ideas or   alternative and varied associations to a given problem or stimulus. It can be understood as a set of cognitive processes that support the generation of new and useful ideas. Behind this capacity for creation and innovation lies a whole cortical and subcortical neural network that supports the dynamic and constant interaction of superior cognitive functions, and different cognitive models that explain how our ability to create works. However, there are also different factors which are associated with creative performance, such as sex, personality or musical training. The aim of this article is to review the background around the neuroanatomical and functional substrates of creativity, as well as the modulating effect exerted by the biological, psychological and environmental aspects about this human being´s ability.

Keywords: Creativity, Neuroanatomy, Neuroscience, Cognition, Modulation.


Palabras clave


creatividad, neuroanatomía, cognición, modulación.

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Referencias


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