ADAPTACION PSICOMETRICA DE LA ESCALA DE FACTORES PROTECTORES (SPF-24) EN UNA MUESTRA DE SUJETOS COLOMBIANOS (Psychometric Adaptation of the Scale Of Protective Factors (SPF-24) in a Sample of Colombian Subjects)

Jose Ignacio Ruiz Pérez, Aura Nidia Herrera Rojas

Resumen


Resumen:

Objetivo: Conocer el comportamiento psicométrico en sujetos colombianos de la Escala de Factores Protectores (SPF-24, de Ponce-García, Madewell, & Kennison, 2015). Método: Muestra no aleatoria de n: 190 sujetos, entre 15 y 65 años, 51% mujeres, respondieron a la SPF-24 y la Escala de Resiliencia Comunitaria (Ruiz, 2015). Resultados: Fiabilidad interna de la escala total de 0,93, y entre 0,83 y 0,86 por dimensiones. El análisis factorial exploratorio arrojó cuatro dimensiones relevantes: apoyo social, habilidades sociales, planificación y eficacia de metas. Las dos primeras corresponden a la estructura factorial del estudio original. También, a mayor resiliencia individual, más resiliencia comunitaria, sobre todo de afrontamiento comunitario. Discusión y conclusiones: La escala muestra índices satisfactorios de fiabilidad interna, de validez de constructo y de validez concurrente con medidas de resiliencia comunitaria. Es necesaria más investigación sobre la validez predictiva y concurrente del SPF-24.

 

Palabras clave: Resiliencia Individual, Resiliencia Comunitaria, Apoyo Social, Habilidades Sociales, Planificación, Eficacia de Metas,

 

Abstract:

Objetive: To know psychometric behavior in a sample of Colombian individuals of the Scale of Protective Factors (SPF-24, Ponce-García, Madewell, & Kennison, 2015). Method: a non-randomized sample (n: 190), aged between 15 and 65 years old. 51% of the sample were female who answered SPF-24 and the Community Resilience Scale (Ruiz, 2015). Results: Internal reliability for full scale was 0,93, and from 0,832 to 0,86, according each scale. Factor analysis showed four main dimensions: social support, social skills, planning and goals efficacy. The first two factors correspond to the original study dimensions. In addition, a higher individual resilience was associated with higher levels of community resilience, especially with communal coping.  Discussion and Conclusions: SPF-24 shows successful coefficients of internal reliability, construct validity and concurrent validity in relation to community resilience indicators. More research is required about the predictive and concurrent validity of SPF-24.

 

Key words: Individual Resilience, Community Resilience, Social Support, Social Skills, Planning, Goals Efficacy.


Palabras clave


resiliencia individual; resiliencia comunitaria; apoyo social; habilidades sociales; planificación; eficacia de metas

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Referencias


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Revista CES Psicología/ISSN 2011-3080 Facultad de Psicología Universidad CES

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