STIGMATISING ATTITUDES TOWARDS SUICIDE BY GENDER AND AGE (Actitudes Estigmatizadoras Hacia el Suicidio por Género y Edad)

Adelino A. G. Pereira, Francisco M. S. Cardoso


This cross-sectional study aimed to analyse the association between gender and age with stigmatising attitudes towards suicide. We collected a non-probabilistic sample of 344 Portuguese individuals aged 16 to 66. The data were collected via questionnaire and then analysed with frequency analysis and chi-squared test. Results suggest that more men revealed stigmatising attitudes. However, the gender effect was more evident within adolescents than within adults. Age effect was also found, revealing that adults hold more stigmatising attitudes than adolescents, but this effect was more evident within female gender. Furthermore, all participants considered that suicide attempters should undergo psychotherapy. These results suggest that gender and age are relevant variables in the implementation of suicide prevention measures focused on reducing stigma and promoting help-seeking.

Keywords: Suicide, Stigma, Gender, Age.



Este estudio transversal tuvo como objetivo analizar la asociación entre el género, la edad y las actitudes estigmatizadoras hacia el suicidio. Se seleccionó una muestra no probabilística de 344 individuos de la población portuguesa de entre 16 y 66 años. Los datos fueron recogidos a través de un cuestionario y posteriormente analizados con análisis de frecuencias y la prueba del Chi-cuadrado. Los resultados sugieren que más hombres revelaron actitudes estigmatizadoras. Sin embargo, el efecto de género fue más evidente en los adolescentes que en los adultos. También se encontró un efecto de la edad, mostrando que los adultos tienen actitudes más estigmatizadoras que los adolescentes, pero este efecto fue más evidente dentro del género femenino. Además, todos los participantes consideraron que los que intentan suicidarse deberían someterse a psicoterapia. Estos resultados sugieren que el género y la edad son variables relevantes en el desarrollo de medidas de prevención del suicidio centradas en reducir el estigma y promover la búsqueda de ayuda.

Palabras clave: Suicidio, Estigma, Género, Edad.


Palabras clave

Suicide; Stigma; Gender; Age

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Revista CES Psicología/ISSN 2011-3080 Facultad de Psicología Universidad CES

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