QUALIDADE DE VIDA E A CIRURGIA EM CANCRO DA MAMA: REVISÃO NARRATIVA DA LITERATURA (Quality of life and breast cancer surgery: narrative literature review)

Ana Cristina Eberhardt, Samuel Lincoln Bezerra Lins

Resumen


Resumo: Este artigo tem o objectivo de realizar uma revisão não sistemática e narrativa da literatura de estudos que comparam a qualidade de vida de mulheres com cancro da mama submetidas à diferentes tipos de cirurgia. Ao analisar os estudos, verificou-se que estes abordavam diversos aspectos, agrupados em três dimensões: a) Metodologia adoptada, se referindo aos instrumentos utilizados, o intervalo de avaliação e o procedimento de recolha de dados; b) Variáveis sociodemograficas e psicoemocionais, que diz respeito à idade, escolaridade, estado civil, sexualidade e percepção da imagem corporal; e c) Variáveis clínicas, relacionado ao tipo de tratamento e ao estádio da doença. Os resultados levam-nos a reflectir sobre a importância de incluir a avaliação da qualidade de vida no processo de tratamento e no seguimento das doentes, independente do tipo de cirurgia a que as mulheres são submetidas.

Palavras-chave: Cancro da mama; qualidade de vida; cirurgia; revisão narrativa.

Abstract: This article aims to conduct a non-systematic and narrative review of the literature of studies comparing the quality of life in women with breast cancer undergoing different types of surgery. Analyzing the studies, they showed several aspects, grouped into three dimensions: a) Methodology adopted, referring to the instruments, the interval of evaluation, and the procedure of data collection; b) Sociodemographic and psychoemotional variables, related to age, educational level, marital status, sexuality and perception of body image; and c) Clinical variables, related to the type of treatment and the stage of the disease. Results leads us to reflect on the importance of including the assessment of quality of life in the treatment process and follow-up of patients, regardless of the type of surgery that women are submitted.

Keywords: Breast cancer; quality of life; surgery; narrative review.

Resumen: Este artículo tiene como objetivo realizar una revisión no sistemática y narrativa de la literatura de estudios que comparan la calidad de vida de mujeres con cáncer de mama sometidas a diferentes tipos de cirugía. Mediante el análisis de los estudios, se encontró diversos aspectos, agrupados en tres dimensiones: a) Metodología utilizada, se refiere a los instrumentos, el intervalo de evaluación, así como el procedimiento de recolección de datos; b) Variables socio-demográficas y psico-emocionales, relativas a la edad, la educación, el estado civil, la sexualidad y la percepción de la imagen corporal; y c) Variables clínicas, relacionadas con el tipo de tratamiento y lo estadio de la enfermedad. Los resultados nos llevan a reflexionar sobre la importancia de incluir la evaluación de la calidad de vida en el proceso de tratamiento y el seguimiento de los pacientes, sin importar el tipo de cirugía al que las mujeres son sometidas.

Palabras clave: Cáncer de mama; calidad de vida; cirugía; revisión narrativa.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21615/cesp.10.1.3


Palabras clave


Cancro da mama; qualidade de vida; mastectomia; cirurgia conservadora da mama; mulheres.

Citas


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Revista CES Psicología/ISSN 2011-3080 Facultad de Psicología Universidad CES

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