BIENESTAR EMOCIONAL DE JÓVENES EN PROGRAMAS DE ACOGIMIENTO FAMILIAR: UN ESTUDIO EXPLORATORIO (Emotional Well-being of Youth in Foster Care: An Exploratory Study)

Elizabeth Trejos-Castillo, Sherley Bedore, Gayle Davis, Terri Hipps

Resumen


La investigación sobre niños/as y jóvenes en programas de acogimiento se centra mayormente en el llamado “Modelo de Déficit” que limita el entendimiento sobre experiencias individuales, fortalezas y capacidades únicas de la población (Sullivan, Jones, & Matiesen, 2010). El presente estudio explora el bienestar emocional de jóvenes emancipados de programas de acogimiento familiar (grupos focales, N=15) usando Teoría Fundamentada (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) y Análisis Temático. Se identificaron cinco factores principales en el bienestar emocional: Adaptación, Recursos, Construcción de Relaciones, Desarrollo de la Salud Mental Positiva, y Resiliencia. El presente estudio extiende el conocimiento sobre factores centrales en el bienestar emocional de jóvenes en acogimiento que  han sido escasamente estudiados en la investigación actual, lo que garantiza una mejor atención.

 

Palabras claves: Bienestar Emocional, Programas de Acogimiento, Jóvenes Emancipados, Análisis Temático

 

Abstract

Extant research on youth in welfare systems has concentrated mostly on the so called “Deficit Model” which limits our understanding of the individual experiences, strengths, and capacities that are unique to these youth (Sullivan, Jones, & Matiesen, 2010). The current study explores the emotional wellbeing of a group of youth in the foster care system using Grounded Theory and Thematic Analysis as a methodological base (Focus Groups N=15). Results identified five central factors for emotional wellbeing: adaptation, resources, construction of relationships, development of positive mental health, and resiliency. Results from the current study generate new knowledge on central factors pertaining emotional wellbeing which have only been scarcely examined in the current research on foster youth and which warrant further attention.

 

Keywords: Emotional Well-Being, Foster Care, Emancipated Youth, Thematic Analysis


Palabras clave


Bienestar Emocional; Programas de Acogimiento; Jóvenes Emancipados; Análisis Temático

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Ahrens, K.R., DuBois, D.L., Garrison, M., Spencer, R., Richardson, L.P., & Lozano, P. (2011). Qualitative Exploration of Relationships with Important Non-Parental Adults in the Lives of Youth in Foster Care. Children and Youth Services Review 33 (6), 1012-1023.

Alhojailan, M. I. (2012). Thematic analysis: A critical review of its process and evaluation. In West East Institute International Academic Conference Proceedings, 8–21. Zagreb, Croatia: West East Institute. Retrieved from http://www.westeastinstitute.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/ZG12-191-Mohammed-Ibrahim-Alhojailan-Full-Paper.pdf

Allport, G., (1960), Personality and social encounter: Selected essays. New York, Beacon Press.

Allport, G., (1961), Pattern and growth in personality. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

ATLAS.ti 7. User´s guide and reference (2015). Retrieved from http://atlasti.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/atlasti_v7_manual_201312.pdf?q=/uploads/media/atlasti_v7_manual_201312.pdf

Bandura, A. (1971). Psychological modeling: conflicting theories. Chicago: Aldine, Atherton.

Bandura, A. (1975). Social Learning & Personality Development. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, INC: NJ.

Barbell, K., & Freundlich, M. (2001). Foster Care Today. Casey Family Programs. Retrieved from http://www.hunter.cuny.edu/socwork/nrcfcpp/downloads/policy-issues/foster_care_today.pdf

Burns, B. J., Phillips, S. D., Wagner, R., Barth, R. P., Kolko, D. J., Campbell, Y., & Landsverk, J. (2004). Mental health need and access to mental health services by youths involved with child welfare: A national survey. Journal of the American Academyof Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 960-970.

Burrows, E. G. & Wallace, M. (1999). Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York: Oxford University Press.

Catalano, R. F., Berglund, M., Ryan, J. M., Lonczak, H. S., & Hawkins, J. (2004). Positive youth development in the United States: Research findings on evaluations of positive youth development programs. Annals of The American Academy Of Political And Social Science, 59, 198-124.

Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2013). Enhancing permanency for youth in out of-home care. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children’s Bureau.

Children’s Defense Fund, (2014). The State of America’s Children. Retrieve from http://www.njjn.org/uploads/digital-library/CDF-StateOfAmericasChildren-Jan2014.pdf

Chung, R. C., & Bemak, F. P. (2012). Social justice as the fifth force: Theories and concepts. In Social justice counseling: The next steps beyond multiculturalism. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Clausen, J., M., Landsverk, J., Ganger, W., Chadwick, D., & Litronik, A. (1998). Mental health problems of children in foster care. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 7, 283-296.

Coates, R. D. (2007). Social justice and pedagogy. American Behavioral Scientist, 51, 579–591.

Courtney, M. E. (2009). The difficult transition to adulthood for foster youth in the US: Implications for the state as corporate parent. Retrieved from http:// www.srcd.org/index.php?option=com_ docman&task=doc_download&gid=469

Denzin, N. K. (2009). Apocalypse now: Overcoming resistances to qualitative inquiry. International Review of Qualitative Research, 2, 331–344.

Dworsky, A. (2013). The economic well-being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth transitioning out of foster care, Mathematical Policy Research (brief). Retrieved fromhttp://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/opre_lgbt_brief_01_04_2013.pdf

Erikson, E. H. (1950). Childhood and society. New York: Norton.

Fredrickson, B. (2001) The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist, 56, 218-226.

Freud, S. (1910). The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis; Trans. by Harry W. Chase. Worcester, Mass.: The American Journal of Psychology. Vol. XXI, 181–218.

Galeano, M. (2004). Estrategias de investigación social cualitativa. El giro de la mirada, Medellín: La Carreta Editores E.U.

Glaser, B., & Strauss, A. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies For Qualitative Research, New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Grbich, C. (2007).Qualitative data analysis: An introduction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Hernández-Plaza, S., García-Ramírez, M., Camacho, C., & Paloma, V. (2010). New settlement and wellbeing in oppressive contexts: a liberation psychology approach. In S. C. Carr (Ed.), The psychology of global mobility, 235-256. New York: Springer.

Gillham, J., & Reivich, K. (2007). Cultivating optimism in childhood and adolescence. In A.Monat, R. Lazarus, G. Reevy (Eds.), The Praeger handbook on stress and coping (vol.2) (pp. 309-326). Westport, CT US: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group.

Greeson, J. K.P., Usher, L., & Grinstein-Weiss, M. (2010) One adult who is crazy about You: Can natural mentoring relationships increase assets among young adults with and without foster care experience? Children and Youth Services Review 32, 565-577.

Huppert, F (2008) Psychological well-being: evidence regarding its causes and its consequences. London: Foresight Mental Capital and Wellbeing Project.

Hoyt, L. T., Chase-Lansdale, P., McDade, T. W., & Adam, E. K. (2012). Positive youth, healthy adults: Does positive well-being in adolescence predict better perceived health and fewer risky health behaviors in young adulthood?.Journal of Adolescent Health, 50, 66-73.

H.R. 6893 [110th]: Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008. Retrieve from http://www.fostercareandeducation.org/AreasofFocus/FosteringConnections.aspx

Jenkins, R., Meltzer, H., Jones, P., Brugha, T., & Bebbington, P. (2008) Mental health and ill health challenge report. London: Foresight Mental Capital and Wellbeing Project.

Jung, C. G., & Baynes, H. G. (1921). Psychological Types, or, The Psychology of Individuation. London: Kegan Paul Trench Trubner. (Collected Works Vol.6 ISBN 0-691-01813-8).

Kempe, C.H., Silverman, FN., Steele, B.F, Droegemueller, W, & Silver, H.K. (1962). The battered child syndrome. Journal of the American Medical Association, 117-124.

Kerns, S.E.U., Dorsey, S., Trupin, E.W., & Berliner, L. (2010). Project Focus: Promoting Emotional health and wellbeing for youth in foster care through connections to evidence-based practices. Report on Emotional and Behavioral Disorders in Youth, 10, 30-38.

Kolbe, R., & Burnett, M. (1991) Content analysis research: an examination of applications with directives for improving research reliability and objectivity. Journal of consumer research, 18, 243-250.

Krinsky, M.A., (2010). Disrupting the pathway from foster care to the Justice system—A former prosecutor’s perspectives on reform. Family Court Review, 48, 322–337.

Landsverk, J. A., Burns, B. J., Stambaugh, L. F. & Rolls Reutz, J. A. (2006). Mental healthcare for children and adolescents in foster care: Review of research literature. Casey Family Programs. 9-30. Retrieve from http:// www.casey.org/Resoures/Publications/pdf/MentalHealthCareChildren.pdf

Lerner, R. M., Bornstein, M. H., & Smith, D. (2003). Child well-being: From elements to integrations. In M. H. Bornstein, L. Davidson, C. M. Keyes, K. A. Moore (Eds.) Well-being: Positive development across the life course (pp. 501-523). Mahwah, NJ US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Leslie, L.K., Gordon, J.N., Lambros, K., Premji, K., Peoles, J., Gist, K. (2005). Addressing the Developmental and mental health needs of young children in foster care. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 26, 140-151.

Lincoln, Y.S. (1995). Emerging criteria for quality in qualitative and interpretive research. Qualitative Inquiry, 1, 275-289.

Loman, L. A., & Siegel, G. L. (2000). A review of literature on independent living of youths in foster and residential care. A Report of the Institute of Applied Research St. Louis Missouri. Retrieved from http://www.inpathways.net/a%20review%20of%20the%20literature.pdf

Mahoney, M.J., &L Patterson, K.M. (1992). Changing theories of changes: Recent

Developments in counseling. In S.D. Brown & R.W. Lent (Eds.), Handbook of counseling and psychology (2nd ed.), 665-689. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

McMillen, J. C., & Raghavan, R. (2009). Pediatric to adult mental health service use of young people leaving the foster care system. Journal of Adolescent Health, 44, 7-13.

Maslow, A. (1998). Towards a Psychology of Being. New York, Wiley & Sons.

Martín-Baró, I. (1986). Hacia una psicología de la liberación. Boletín de Psicología de El Salvador, 5, 219-231.

Martín-Baró, I. (1996). Toward a liberation in Psychology. In A. Aron & S. Corne (Eds.),Writings for a liberation psychology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Mertens, D.M. (2012).Ethics and social justice in ethnocultural qualitative research. In Nagata, Donna K. (Ed); Kohn-Wood, Laura (Ed); Suzuki, Lisa A. (Ed), (2012). Qualitative strategies for ethnocultural research, 61-84. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association, xvi, 278 pp.

Munson, M. R., & McMillen, J. C. (2009). Natural Mentoring and Psychosocial Outcomes among Older Youth Transitioning From Foster Care. Children and Youth Services Review 31, 104-111.

National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect (2004). Who are the children in foster care? / National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being research brief no. 1 Ithaca, NY.

National Foster Care Coalition (2013). A listening session: Youth in foster care and financial challenges. Retrieved from http://www.nationalfostercare.org/uploads/8/7/9/7/8797896/a_listening_session--youth_in_foster_care__financial_challenges.pdf

Oetting, E.R., & Beauvais, F. (1991). Orthogonal cultural identification theory: The cultural identification of minority adolescents. International Journal of the Addictions, 25, 655-685.

Pack-Brown, S., Tequilla, T., & Seymour, J. (2008). Infusing professional ethics into counselor educa¬tion program: A multicultural/social justice per¬spective. Journal of Counseling and Development, 86, 296–302.

Paniagua, FA. (1994). Assessing and treating culturally different clients: A practical guide. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Pavlov, I.P. (1923/1928). Lectures on Conditioned Reflexes. Nueva York: International Publications.

Pecora, P., Kessler, R., Williams, J., O’Brien, K., Downs, A. C., English, D., White, J., Hiripi, E., Roller White, C., Wiggings, T., & Holmes, K. (2006). Improving family foster care: Findings from the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study. Seattle, WA: Casey Family Programs. Retrieved from http://www. casey.org/resources/publications/pdf/ improvingfamilyfostercare_fr.pdf

Pecora, P. J., White, C. R., Jackson, L. J., & Wiggins, T. (2009). Mental health of current and former recipients of foster care: A review of recent studies in the USA. Child & Family Social Work, 14, 132-146.

Pedersen, P. B. (1991). Multiculturalism as a generic approach to counseling. Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 6–12.

Ratts, M. J. (2009). Social justice counseling: Toward the development of a “fifth force” among counseling paradigms. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Develop¬ment, 48, 160–172.

Ratts, M. J., D’Andrea, M., & Arredondo, P. (2004). Social justice counseling: “Fifth force” in field. Counseling Today, 47, 28–30.

Rosenthal, J.A. & Curiel, H.F. (2006). Modeling behavioral problems of children in the child welfare system: Caregiver, youth, and teacher perceptions. Children and Youth Services Review, 28, 1390-1408.

Saldaña, J. (2009). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.

Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and human behavior. SimonandSchuster.com.

Spencer, R., Collins, M.E., Ward, R., Smashnaya, S. (2010). Mentoring for Young People Leaving Foster Care: Promise and Potential Pitfalls. Social Work, 55, 225-234.

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques, London: Sage.

Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of Qualitative Research. Techniques And Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Sullivan, M.J., Jones, L., & Matiesen, S. (2010). School change, academic progress, and behavior problems in a sample of foster youth. Children and Youth Services Review, 32, 164-170.

Taussig, H.N., & Culhane, S.E. (2010). Impact of a Mentoring and Skills Group Program on Mental Health Outcomes for Maltreated Children in Foster Care. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 164, 739-746.

The National Foster Care Youth & Alumni Policy Council (2013). Recommendations to Improve the Well Being of Youth in Foster Care. Retrieve from https://www.fosterclub.com/sites/default/files/Well%20Being%20Recommendations.pdf

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children’s Bureau. (2010b). Making the case for permanency with youth, workers, and families. Children’s Bureau Express, 11. Retrieved from https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index. cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=1 16&sectionid=2&articleid=2872

Valles, M. (1997). Técnicas cualitativas de investigación social. Reflexión metodológica y práctica profesional. Madrid: Síntesis S.A.

Valles, M. (2000.) Técnicas cualitativas en investigación. Reflexión metodológica y práctica profesional. Madrid: Síntesis Sociología.

Walker, J. S., & Child, B. (2008). Involving youth in planning for their education, treatment and services: Research tells us we should be doing better. Portland, OR: Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children’s Mental Health, Portland State University. Retrieved from http://www.rtc.pdx.edu/PDF/pbAMP-Youth ParticipationResearchSummary.pdf

White, V. (2002, July). Developing Counseling objectives and empowering clients: A strength-based intervention. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 24, 270-279




Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.

 

 

Revista CES Psicología/ISSN 2011-3080 Facultad de Psicología Universidad CES

Publicada desde 2008

Ultima actualización Mayo 2 de 2019

 

Copyright© 2011 Universidad CES, Calle 10A No. 22 - 04, Medellín, Colombia

 

http://www.ces.edu.co/