NIÑAS Y ADOLESCENTES EN RIESGO DE CALLE: BIENESTAR SUBJETIVO Y SALUD MENTAL (Girls at risk of homelessness: Subjective well-being and mental health)

Susana Castaños Cervantes, Juan José Sánchez Sosa


La salud mental de mujeres menores en riesgo de calle se ve seriamente afectada por las condiciones vulnerables en las que se desenvuelven; empero, mundialmente, hay pocos estudios al respecto. Este estudio se realizó para explorar la salud mental de 26 niñas y adolescentes en riesgo de calle mediante diferencias por nivel de bienestar subjetivo y el efecto de la ansiedad, depresión, asertividad y regulación emocional sobre éste. Los resultados principales muestran discrepancias significativas por grado de bienestar subjetivo en conductas asertivas y regulación emocional; consecuentemente, se encontraron deficiencias en salud mental. La utilidad clínica reside en elaborar intervenciones partiendo de las necesidades detectadas, contribuyendo, así, a mejorar la salud mental y, con ello, la calidad de vida de tal colectivo social.


Palabras claves: Niñas, Adolescentes, Riesgo de calle, Salud Mental, Bienestar Subjetivo.



Mental health of girls at risk of homelessness is seriously affected by the vulnerable conditions in which they are involved. However, there are few studies that have addressed the issue worldwide. This study was conducted to explore the mental health of a sample of 26 girls at risk of homelessness, through differences by subjective well-being level and the effect of anxiety, depression, assertiveness and emotional regulation. The findings show significant discrepancies by subjective well-being grade in assertiveness and emotional regulation. Therefore, participants present mental health deficiency. The clinical benefit consists in taking action from the identified needs, in order to improve mental health conditions and consequently, the quality of life of the mentioned social group.


Keywords: Girls, Adolescents, Human Females, Risk of Homelessness, Homeless, Mental Health, Subjective Well-Being.



Palabras clave

niñas en riesgo de calle; adolescentes en riesgo de calle; salud mental; bienestar subjetivo

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