INTERVENCIÓN EN ESTRATEGIAS METACOGNITIVAS PARA EL MEJORAMIENTO DE LOS PROCESOS DE COMPOSICIÓN ESCRITA: ESTADO DE LA CUESTIÓN (Metacognitive strategies for improving written composition processes: Literature review)

Marcela Valencia Serrano, Adriana Maria Caicedo Tamayo

Resumen


Este artículo presenta una revisión de estudios que documentan intervenciones dirigidas a la enseñanza de estrategias metacognitivas para mejorar los procesos de composición escrita de estudiantes. Se analizaron 42 artículos de investigación publicados entre los años 2002 y 2013, los cuales fueron reseñados en una matriz que permitió identificar sus objetivos, diseños, programas instruccionales, resultados y aportes. Los análisis de las intervenciones mostraron efectividad en el mejoramiento de las producciones escritas de los estudiantes en cuanto a su calidad y desarrollo de habilidades metacognitivas como la planificación, monitoreo y revisión de las producciones escritas. Se identificaron recomendaciones para seguir profundizando en la temática abordada y generar lineamientos para el diseño de programas de intervención psico-educativos que contribuyan al mejoramiento de la composición escrita.

 

Palabras clave: Composición Escrita, Estrategias Metacognitivas, Procesos Metacognitivos, Instrucción Educativa, Estudiantes, Escritura, Metacognición.


Abstract

The aim of this article is to present a literature review on metacognitive strategies instruction for improving writing processes in students. 42 studies published since 2002 to 2013 were analyzed in a chart, where their objectives, designs, instructional programs and methodological issues were registered; also their results and contributions. Results show programs were effective for improving the students’ written texts, in terms of quality and development of metacognitive skills such as planning, monitoring and reviewing of written productions. Finally, suggestions were identified in order to continue studying this topic in greater depth, to provide some guidelines for the design of programs of psycho-educational intervention to help improve written composition.

 

Keywords: Writing Composition, Metacognitive Strategies, Metacognitive Processes, Educational Instruction, Educational Intervention, Students, Metacognition.

 


Palabras clave


composición escrita; estrategias metacognitivas; instrucción educativa; estudiantes; metacognición; escritura

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Referencias


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Revista CES Psicología/ISSN 2011-3080 Facultad de Psicología Universidad CES

Publicada desde 2008

Ultima actualización Mayo 2 de 2019

 

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