ABORDAGENS À APRENDIZAGEM: A DINÂMICA PARA O SUCESSO ACADÉMICO (Learning Approaches: Dynamics for Academic Success)

Maria Olímpia Almeida Paiva, Abílio Afonso Lourenço

Resumen


Resumo

Integrada na linha de investigação SAL (Student Approaches to Learning), esta revisão de literatura centra-se nas abordagens à aprendizagem dos alunos (ensino secundário e universitário). O objetivo é entendermos a razão pela qual, o professor após dedicar tempo a ensinar determinado assunto, utilizando distintos métodos de ensino, os alunos não o aprendem, alcançando classificações insuficientes nas avaliações. Este texto está orientado na busca de respostas a determinadas questões relacionadas com o modo como os estudantes abordam a aprendizagem e a sua influência no rendimento escolar. A prática docente poderá estimular os alunos a desenvolverem abordagens à aprendizagem mais significativas, encaminhando a atenção dos mesmos mais para o entendimento dos conteúdos do que para a sua reprodução.

Palavras chave: Abordagens à aprendizagem, Estratégias de Aprendizagem, Rendimento escolar.

 

Abstract

As part of the SAL (Student Approaches to Learning) this literature review is focused on the learning approaches of high school and higher education students). It has as a purpose to provide explanation about the lack of learning and the poor scores students use to get, even though teachers have devoted a considerable amount of time to teaching them a certain topic under different approaches. This paper is aimed at finding answers to questions associated with the manner students are related to learning, and how this type of approaching impacts their academic performance. It is concluded, teaching may lead students to develop more stimulant learning methods, driving them to the significance of the contents rather than their mechanical reproduction.

 

Keywords: Approaches to Learning, Learning Strategies, School Learning, School Performance.


Resumen

Integrado en la línea de investigación SAL (Student Approaches to Learning), este trabajo de revisión se centra en los enfoques de aprendizaje de los estudiantes de secundaria y universitarios. El objetivo es entender las razones por la cuales después de que los profesores dedican tiempo a enseñar un tema determinado, utilizando diferentes métodos de enseñanza, los estudiantes no aprenden y obtienen calificaciones insuficientes en las evaluaciones. Este texto está orientado a la búsqueda de respuestas a ciertas preguntas relacionadas con la forma en que los estudiantes se acercan al aprendizaje y su influencia en el rendimiento académico. La práctica docente puede estimular a los estudiantes a desarrollar enfoques más significativos para el aprendizaje, dirigiendo la atención de los alumnos más a la comprensión de los contenidos que a su reproducción.

 

Palabras clave: Enfoques al Aprendizaje, Estrategias de Aprendizaje, Aprendizaje Escolar, Rendimiento Escolar.


Palabras clave


abordagens à aprendizagem; estratégias de aprendizagem; rendimento escolar.

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Referencias


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