Implantes cigomáticos en pacientes con edentulismo maxilar y reabsorción ósea severa

Ana María Vélez, Ángela María Torres, Gustavo Ortiz-Orrego, Luis Gonzalo Álvarez

Resumen


El tratamiento con implantes convencionales no puede hacer parte de la rehabilitación implantosoportada en maxilares edéntulos totales en algunos pacientes, debido a la resorción ósea avanzada o por neumatización del seno maxilar, lo que  conduce a cantidades inadecuadas de tejido óseo para el anclaje de los implantes. Durante más de tres décadas, técnicas quirúrgicas para colocación de injertos óseos antes o simultáneamente con  la colocación del implante se ha convertido en la rutina en  rehabilitación oral.  Diversas técnicas de aumento óseo, como la elevación de seno maxilar o injerto óseo, se han descrito con el objetivo común de aumentar el volumen de hueso de soporte. Actualmente con el desarrollo de la técnica en implantes cigomáticos se pueden evitar estas técnicas de injertos óseos devolviendo a los pacientes mejor calidad de vida y estética adecuada con un trauma menor y facilitando el tratamiento y el pronóstico del mismo.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21615/cesodon.29.2.5


Palabras clave


Implantes cigomáticos, edentulismo maxilar total, rehabilitación implantológica.

Citas


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