Anatomía radicular, una mirada desde la micro-cirugía endodontica: Revisión

Jaime Adrián Cardona Castro, Rafael Fernández Grisales

Resumen


El conocimiento de la anatomía radicular de cada uno de los grupos de dientes, es un aspecto importante que contribuye juntos con otros aspectos clínicos, a un mejor resultado de los procedimientos de micro-cirugía endodóntica (MCE). Variaciones anatómicas entre individuos de una misma población, suscitan para el endodoncista, una evaluación diagnóstica detallada de cada caso en particular para  facilitar el abordaje quirúrgico. El objetivo de esta revisión es realizar una descripción de la anatomía radicular y del sistema de conductos radiculares de los diferentes grupos de dientes y sus variaciones anatómicas según la literatura científica disponible a la fecha, que permitirá al clínico tener una visión más amplia y detallada, que podrá aplicar para la planeación y ejecución de los procedimientos de MCE.


Root anatomy, a view from the microsurgery endodontic: Review

 

Knowing the root anatomy of each groups of teeth, it is an important aspect that contributes with other clinical aspects, to a better outcome of the procedures in endodontic micro-surgery(MCE). Anatomical variations between individuals of the same population, arise in the endodontist, a detailed diagnostic evaluation of each particular case, which will facilitate the surgical approach. The objective of this review is to describe the anatomy and root canal system of different groups of teeth and anatomical changes according to available scientific literature to date, allowing the clinician to have a more comprehensive and detailed vision, you can apply for the planning and execution of procedures for MCE.

Keywords: ápex, apical foramen, computed tomography cone beam, endodontic microsurgery, root anatomy, root canal.


Palabras clave


anatomía radicular, ápice, conducto radicular, foramen apical, micro-cirugía endodóntica, tomografía computarizada cone beam (CBCT)

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