Ácidos orgánicos, una alternativa en la nutrición avícola: una revisión

Jaime Ángel-Isaza, Natalia Mesa-Salgado, William Narvaez-Solarte

Resumen


Los ácidos orgánicos son una alternativa de reemplazo a los antibióticos promotores de crecimiento utilizados en la industria avícola moderna, por ser agentes que no dejan residuos en la carne de los animales y  no generan ningún riesgo para la salud humana. El uso de ácidos orgánicos en la alimentación de las aves, contribuye al mantenimiento de la integridad y estabilidad de la biota intestinal; además, dificulta la proliferación de microorganismos patógenos, ayuda a prevenir la aparición de  enfermedades y a mejorar el rendimiento productivo. Sin embargo, los resultados  experimentales en la dieta de las aves son diversos y contradictorios, inducidos por diferencias en factores tales como: el tipo y la dosis del ácido orgánico, la composición de la dieta y las condiciones ambientales de cría en las que se realizan los ensayos. El objetivo de esta revisión es presentar un análisis de los diferentes resultados experimentales al incluir ácidos orgánicos en la dieta del pollo de engorde, con respecto a la fisiología intestinal, los parámetros productivos y hematológicos.

 

Organic acids, an alternative in poultry nutrition: a review

The use of organic acids in the chickens’ feeding contributes to the maintenance
of the integrity and stability of their intestinal biota; besides, inhibits the proliferation of pathogen microorganisms, it helps to prevent the appearance of diseases and improve their productive performance. For this reason and for be safe for consumers, organic acids have been proposed as an alternative to the replacement of antibiotics growth promoters. However, its experimental use in the chicken’s diet shows diverse and contradictory results, coming from differences in factors related with: type and dose of the organic acid used, diet composition and the breeding environment in which the experiments are carried out. The aim of this review is to present an analysis of the different experimental results in the use of organic acids in relation to the intestinal physiology, productive and hematological parameters in the broiler chicken.

Keywords: antibiotic, chicken, gastrointestinal, microbiota, production.

 

Ácidos orgânicos, uma alternativa na nutrição avícola: uma revisão

O uso dos ácidos orgânicos na alimentação das aves, contribui para manter a integridade e estabilidade da biota intestinal; além disso, dificulta a proliferação de microorganismos patogênicos, ajuda a prevenir o surgimento de doenças e melhorar o rendimento produtivo. Razão pela qual, além de serem seguros para o consumidor, os ácidos orgânicos tem-se proposto como alternativa na substituição dos antibióticos promotores de crescimento. No entanto, existem fatores como: o tipo e a dose do ácido orgânico, a composição da ração e as condições ambientais de cria nas quais se desenvolvem as pesquisas, que tornam os resultados experimentais diversos e as vezes contraditórios. O objetivo desta revisão é apresentar uma análise dos diferentes resultados experimentais quando incluídos os ácidos orgânicos na ração do frango de corte, no que diz respeito à fisiología intestinal, aos parâmetros produtivos e hematológicos.


Palavras chave: antibiótico, gastrointestinal, microbiota, frango, produção.


Palabras clave


antibiótico, gastrointestinal, microbiota, pollo, producción

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Referencias


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