Selenio y glutatión peroxidasa en la nutrición porcina

Jimmy Rolando Quisirumbay Gaibor, Carlos Vílchez Perales

Resumen


El selenio (Se) es un mineral que cumple con funciones importantes en el organismo una de ellas es favorecer el equilibrio oxidativo al formar parte de la enzima glutatión peroxidasa. Existen dos fuentes de Se que pueden a través de la dieta ser suplementados a los animales, orgánica e inorgánica. La forma más antigua de Se ha sido la inorgánica por lo general el selenito de sodio y la orgánica es la Se-metionina que es el principal componente de la Se-levadura y recientemente la forma hidroxilada conocida como ácido 2-hidroxi-4-metil-seleno butanoico. La administración de Se-orgánico presenta mayores niveles de retención en el organismo, mayor concentración tisular en hígado, músculo, suero y mayor transferencia a lechones recién nacidos por medio del calostro y leche. En cerdos en etapas de finalización ha demostrado reducir las pérdidas por goteo al favorecer la retención de agua. Los niveles más recomendados de selenio en la nutrición porcina están entre 0,15 y 0,3 ppm y como fuente de elección Se-orgánico.

 

Selenium and glutathione peroxidase in swine nutrition

Selenium (Se) is a mineral that fulfills important functions in the organism, one of which is to favor oxidative balance by being part of the enzyme glutathione peroxidase. There are two sources of Se that can through the diet be supplemented to animals, organic and inorganic. The oldest form of It has been the inorganic usually the sodium selenite and the organic is the Se-methionine which is the main component of the Se-yeast and recently the hydroxylated form known as 2-hydroxy-4-methyl acid -butane butane. The administration of Se-organic presents higher levels of retention in the organism, higher tissue concentration in the liver, muscle, serum and greater transfer to newborn piglets through colostrum and milk. In pigs in stages of completion it has been shown to reduce drip losses by favoring water retention. The most recommended levels of selenium in swine nutrition are between 0.15 and 0.3 ppm and as a Se-organic source of choice.

Keywords: antioxidants, minerals, nutrition, pigs.

 

Selênio e glutationa peroxidase na nutrição suína

O selênio (Se) é um mineral que desempenha importantes funções no organismo, uma das quais é favorecer o equilíbrio oxidativo por fazer parte da enzima glutationa peroxidase. Existem duas fontes de Se que podem, através da dieta, ser suplementadas a animais, orgânicos e inorgânicos. A forma primitiva foi inorgânico sido geralmente selenito de sódio e orgânico é o Se-metionina, que é o principal componente da SE-levedura e, recentemente, a forma hidroxilada conhecido como 2-hidroxi-4-metil butano butano. A administração de Se-orgânico apresenta maiores níveis de retenção no organismo, maior concentração tecidual no fígado, músculo, soro e maior transferência para leitões recém-nascidos através do colostro e leite. Nos porcos em fase de finalização, demonstrou-se que reduz as perdas por gotejamento favorecendo a retenção de água. Os níveis mais recomendados de selênio na nutrição suína estão entre 0,15 e 0,3 ppm e como fonte orgânica de escolha.

Palavras-chave: antioxidantes, porcos, minerais, nutrição.


Palabras clave


antioxidantes, cerdos, minerales, nutrición

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