Errores conceptuales de estadística más comunes en publicaciones científicas

Roberto Antonio Matamoros Pinel, Alejandro Ceballos Márquez

Resumen


Este trabajo proporciona información actualizada sobre los errores estadísticosque comúnmente se cometen en la literatura científica y comoestos podrían ser evitados. El objetivo principal es una revisión de maneraconceptual de los errores estadísticos frecuentemente observados, asícomo defectos y trampas en la ciencia médica y veterinaria para ayudara los investigadores a producir resultados estadísticamente correctos ensus futuras investigaciones. Al mismo tiempo, esta revisión podría ayudara que los lectores de revistas científicas identifiquen análisis estadísticoso presentación de datos cuestionables y puedan estimar lo qué los autoreshabrían concluido si hubieran utilizado métodos estadísticos apropiados.

Common conceptual statistical mistakes in scientificliterature

This work seeks to provide up-to-date information on commonly made statisticalmistakes and statistical reports in scientific papers, and how thesecan be avoided. The main goal is to comprehensively review frequently observedstatistical errors, flaws and pitfalls in medical and veterinary sciencein order to help researchers to produce statistically correct output intheir future reports. At the same time, it can help readers to identify questionablestatistical analysis, and estimate what the authors would haveconcluded when appropriate statistical methods have been used.

Keywords: statistical mistakes, statistical methods, research statistics.

Equívocos comuns de estatísticas em publicações científicas

Este trabalho procura fornecer uma atualização sobre os erros estatísticoscomumente cometidos na literatura científica e como eles podem ser evitados.O principal objetivo é analisar de uma maneira conceitual defeitos observadosfrequentemente, erros estatísticos e armadilhas na ciência médicae veterinária para ajudar os pesquisadores a produzir resultados estatisticamentecorretos em futuras investigações. Ao mesmo tempo, esta revisãopode ajudar os leitores de revistas científicas a identificar análise estatísticaou apresentação de dados questionáveis e estimar o que os autores teriaconcluído teve eles usaram métodos estatísticos adequados.

Palavras-chave: erros estatísticos, métodos estatísticos, estatística de pesquisa.


Palabras clave


errores estadísticos, estadística en investigación, métodos estadísticos.

Citas


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