Variación de caracteres morfológicos del pasto kikuyo (Cenchrus clandestinus) en el trópico alto de Antioquia

Juliana Arango Gaviria, Felipe Alfonso Cardona Naranjo, Albeiro López Herrera, Guillermo Correa Londoño, José Julián Echeverri Zuluaga

Resumen


The kikuyu grass (Cenchrus clandestinus) represents about 80% of the base of all the forage supply of specialized dairy country. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare some morphological characters in kikuyu grass populations located in the high tropics Antioqueño. 384 samples of plant material were collected in three areas of the department of Antioquia. For each sample width and length of the lamina, internode length, diameter internode, width node, width and length of the sheath it was established. In order to represent a two-dimensional geometric space in existing proximity between experimental units collected in different municipalities, an analysis of multidimensional scaling (MDS) it was performed. In addition the results were analyzed using generalized linear models (GLM) using each measure as dependiente variable. The municipality had a highly significant (p <0.01) on all measured morphological characters. For the characteristic diameter internodes, wide internodes, lamina and sheath; the days of rest and altitude, had a highly significant effect (p <0.01). Although a pattern of similarities between morphological characteristics were found, the effects included in the models were all statistically significant for each of these characters To establish better results that may be potential for future breeding programs is recommended to associate this information with studies diversity and genetic variation.

 

Morphological variation of characters of kikuyu grass (Cenchrus clandestinus) in the high tropics of Antioquia

The kikuyu grass (Cenchrus clandestinus) represents about 80% of the base of all the forage supply of specialized dairy country. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare some morphological characters in kikuyu grass populations located in the high tropics Antioqueño. 384 samples of plant material were collected in three areas of the department of Antioquia. For each sample width and length of the lamina, internode length, diameter internode, width node, width and length of the sheath it was established. In order to represent a two-dimensional geometric space in existing proximity between experimental units collected in different municipalities, an analysis of multidimensional scaling (MDS) it was performed. In addition the results were analyzed using generalized linear models (GLM) using each measure as dependiente variable. The municipality had a highly significant (p <0.01) on all measured morphological characters. For the characteristic diameter internodes, wide internodes, lamina and sheath; the days of rest and altitude, had a highly significant effect (p <0.01). Although a pattern of similarities between morphological characteristics were found, the effects included in the models were all statistically significant for each of these characters To establish better results that may be potential for future breeding programs is recommended to associate this information with studies diversity and genetic variation.

Keywords: cenchrus, ecotype, grasses.


Variação de caracteres morfológicos de Kikuyu Grass (Cenchrus clandestinus) na alta Trópico de Antioquia

A grama kikuyu (Cenchrus clandestinus) representa cerca de 80% da base de toda a oferta de forragem país leiteiro especializado. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar e comparar alguns caracteres morfológicos em populações pennisetums Antioqueño localizadas nas altas trópicos. 384 amostras de material vegetal foram coletadas em três áreas do departamento de Antioquia. Para cada largura da amostra e comprimento da lâmina, comprimento dos entrenós, entrenudos diâmetro, nós largura, largura e comprimento da bainha foi estabelecido. A fim de representar um espaço geométrico bidimensional na proximidade existente entre as unidades experimentais coletados em diferentes municípios, uma análise de escalonamento multidimensional (MDS) foi realizada. Além disso, os resultados foram analisados ​​usando modelos lineares generalizados (GLM), utilizando cada medida como variável dependiente. O município tinha uma correlação altamente significativa (p <0,01) em todos os caracteres morfológicas medidos. Para a função de diâmetro entrenudos, entrenós de largura, lâmina e bainha; os dias de descanso e a altitude, teve um efeito altamente significativo (p <0,01). Embora um padrão de semelhanças entre as características morfológicas não foi foram encontrados, os efeitos incluídas nos modelos foram todas estatisticamente significativas para cada um desses personagens Para estabelecer melhores resultados que podem ser potencial para futuros programas de melhoramento é recomendado para associar esta informação com estudos diversidade e variação genética.

Palavras-chave: cenchrus, ecotype, pastagens.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21615/cesmvz.12.1.4


Palabras clave


cenchrus, ecotipo, pastos.

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