First report of canine borreliosis seroprevalence in a middle-altitude tropical urban area (Medellín-Colombia)

María González Domínguez, Juan Pablo Villegas, Sara Carmona, Hernán Castañeda

Resumen


Anamnesis: A one year old French Bulldog male, affected by gastrointestinal symptoms and abdominal pain, with no response to the established therapeutic schedule was attended. Clinical and laboratory findings: The most significant finding was thrombocytopenia and seropositive for Borrelia burgdorferi by IDEXX 4S Snap test. Treatment approach: treatment was  established with tetracycline and doxycycline. Eight months later the dog showed signs of polyarthritis and received a second antibiotic treatment with remission of the disease and sero-reversion. Conclusions: This case is of epidemiological relevance because it is the first time canine borreliosis is evidenced by serology in dogs from an urban setting, suggesting the disease is moving on toward middle altitude and urban areas. Clinical signs and treatment schedule are reviewed.

Primer reporte de seroprevalencia de borreliosis canina en una ciudad localizada en una altitud media en la región tropical (Medellín, Colombia)

Anamnesis: un perro de la raza Bulldog francés de un año de edad, fue llevado a consulta por tener síntomas gastrointestinales, sin respuesta al tratamiento previo. Hallazgos clínicos y de laboratorio: el perro presentó trombocitopenia y serología positiva a Borrelia burgdorferi por IDEXX 4S Snap test. Tratamiento: El tratamiento se instauró con tetraclina y doxiciclina. A los 8 meses el perro mostró poliartritis y continuaba seropositivo, por lo cual recibió un segundo esquema con antibióticos que resulto en remisión de los signos y serorreversión. Conclusiones: este caso es de relevancia epidemiológica por ser la primera vez que se diagnostica la borreliosis canina en un área rural por serología, lo que sugiere que la enfermedad se puede estar desplazando hacia centros urbanos y mayores altitudes. En la discusión se revisan los signos clínicos y el esquema de tratamiento de la enfermedad en caninos.

Primeiro relato de soroprevalência de borreliose canina em uma cidade localizada a uma altitude média na região tropical (Medellín, Colombia)

História: A consulta foi realizada a cão do raça buldogue francês de um ano, ter sintomas gastrointestinais, sem resposta ao tratamento anterior. Os achados clínicos e laboratoriais: o cão tem trombocitopenia e sorologia positiva para Borrelia burgdorferi pelo IDEXX 4S Snap test. Tratamento: o tratamento foi iniciado com tetraciclina e doxiciclina. Aos 8 meses, o cão tem artrite e manteve-se soropositivo, pelo qual recebeu um segundo esquema de antibiótico o que resultou em remissão dos sinais e sero-reversão. Conclusões: neste caso, é de importância epidemiológica por ser o primeiro borreliose canina diagnosticado sorologicamente em uma área rural, o que sugere que a doença está se deslocando para os centros urbanos e as altitudes mais elevadas. Na seção de discussão dos sinais clínicos e esquema de tratamento da doença em cães são tratados.


Palabras clave


Borrelia burgdorferi, borreliosis canina, trombocitopenia, zoonosis.

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