Perspectivas sobre el uso de sustancias húmicas en la producción aviar

Rosa Angélica Sanmiguel Plazas, Wilson Javier Aguirre Pedreros, Iang Schroniltgen Rondón Barragán

Resumen


Perspectives on the use of humic substances in poultry production

Perspectivas sobre o uso de substâncias húmicas na avicultura

Las sustancias húmicas (SH) son un producto de la biotransformación de la materia orgánica, que han sido utilizadas ampliamente en procesos agrícolas, tales como la recuperación de suelos, como agentes biorremediadores por sus propiedades quelantes de sustancias tóxicas residuales, así como en la producción animal como promotor del mejoramiento de los parámetros productivos. Los procesos de producción animal en la actualidad demandan producción limpia aunada a un rendimiento competitivo de los sistemas de producción animal frente a los cuales, alternativas de manejo como la suplementación con aditivos alimentarios de origen natural, que mejoren los parámetros productivos y que a la vez participen en el mejoramiento de la salud animal, son la tendencia en la actualidad. En la presente revisión se hace énfasis en la contribución que las SH realizan en la producción avícola a partir de resultados de investigación que afirman que la suplementación de la dieta tanto de pollos de engorde como de gallinas ponedoras, permite la optimización en la digestión de los nutrientes, lo cual conlleva al mejoramiento en los parámetros zootécnicos. Dada la relación de la fisiología intestinal con la respuesta inmune, es posible que hayan efectos inmunomoduladores positivos asociados a la inclusión de estos aditivos en la dieta como una alternativa de producción limpia.

Abstract

Humic substances (SH; product of the biotransformation of organic matter) have been widely used in agricultural processes such as soil remediation and also as bioremediation agents due to their ability to chelate toxic wastes. HS have been also used in animal production to promote growth performance. Animal production systems currently require cleaner production coupled with competitive performance. Today´s trends also include management alternatives such as supplementation with feed additives from natural sources to improve productivity and animal health. This review focuses on how SH contributes ​​to poultry production based on research claims that SH supplementation to broilers and laying hens allows optimizing nutrient digestion, leading to improved productivity. Given the existing relationship between intestinal physiology and the immune response, there could be positive immunomodulatory effects associated with the dietary inclusion of these additives.

Resumo

As substancias húmicas (SH) são um produto da biotransformação da matéria orgânica, que tem sido utilizadas comumente em processos agrícolas tais como a recuperação do solo, quanto como agentes biorremediadores pelas suas propriedades quelantes de substancias toxicas residuais. Do mesmo jeito são usadas na produção animal como promotor do crescimento permitindo melhorar os parâmetros produtivos. Os processos de produção animal na atualidade demandam produção limpa junto a um rendimento competitivo dos sistemas de produção animal frente aos quais, alternativas de manejo como a suplementação com aditivos alimentares de origem natural, que melhorem os parâmetros produtivos e que a sua vez participem no melhoramento da saúde animal, são a tendência na atualidade. Na presente revisão se faz ênfase na contribuição que as SH realizam na produção avícola a partir de resultados de pesquisas que afirmam que a suplementação da dieta tanto de frangos de corte quanto de galinhas poedeiras, permite a optimização da digestão dos nutrientes, o qual conduz ao melhoramento dos parâmetros zootécnicos, dada a relação da fisiologia intestinal com a resposta imune, é possível que existam efeitos imuno-moduladores positivos associados a inclusão de estes aditivos na dieta como uma alternativa de produção limpa.

 


Palabras clave


Parámetros productivos, producción avícola, sustancias húmicas.

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Referencias


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