Ventajas, desventajas y ocho recomendaciones para la educación médica virtual en tiempos del COVID-19: Revisión de Tema

Daniel Vásquez

Resumen


La pandemia de COVID-19 ha llevado a la implementación del aislamiento preventivo como medida de salud pública y con esto, se presentan nuevos retos para las instituciones de educación superior y en especial para carreras con alto contenido presencial. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura en Pubmed en conjunto con textos de referencia en educación virtual, educación médica, opiniones de expertos y artículos derivados de estos por método bola de nieve. Las ventajas de la educación médica virtual hacen alusión, en su mayoría, a la flexibilidad en tiempo, espacios, oportunidades y recursos desde un enfoque individualizado. Las desventajas, por su parte, dependen de la falta de preparación en infraestructura, así como por parte de docentes y estudiantes para las nuevas modalidades. Las recomendaciones se basan en un cambio de estrategia en el que el estudiante pueda abordar los contenidos de forma amigable y resumida previo a las clases en-vivo y que estas últimas tengan un enfoque dirigido a la complementación y resolución de dudas. Se presentan recomendaciones para los docentes que actualmente dictan sus contenidos de manera virtual para favorecer el aprendizaje y cumplimiento de objetivos. Se incluye un anexo con herramientas para el desarrollo de clases y otros contenidos útiles para el estudio de temas en distintas áreas.

 

Benefits, disadvantages and eight recommendations for virtual medical education in times of COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the implementation of preventive isolation as a public health measure and with these new challenges are presented for higher education institutions and especially for careers with high attendance content. A literature review was conducted in Pubmed in conjunction with reference texts in virtual education, medical education, expert opinions and articles derived from these by the snowball method. The advantages of virtual medical education mostly refer to flexibility in time, space, opportunities and resources from an individualized approach. The disadvantages, on the other hand, depend on the lack of preparation in infrastructure, as well as by teachers and students for the new modalities. The recommendations are based on a change of strategy in which the student can approach the contents in a friendly and summarized way prior to the live classes and that the latter have a focus directed to the complementation and resolution of doubts. Recommendations are presented for teachers who currently teach their contents in a virtual way to favour learning and the fulfilment of objectives. An annex is included with tools for the development of classes and other useful content for the study of topics in different areas.

Keywords: Medical Education; User-Computer Interface; Coronavirus; Education.


Palabras clave


Educación Médica; Interfaz Usuario-Computador; Coronavirus; Educación

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Referencias


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Revista CES Medicina/ ISSN Impreso:0120-8705; Electrónico:2215-9177

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