Aplicabilidad en Suramérica de escenarios de progresión de la infección por SRAS-CoV-2

Gilberto Antonio Bastidas Pacheco, Daniel Alejandro Bastidas Delgado

Resumen


El brote epidémico por SRAS-CoV-2 y la enfermedad ocasionada, COVID-19, en poco tiempo se transformó en una emergencia de salud pública internacional que progresó rápidamente a pandemia con severo impacto sobre la salud y la economía de los países afectados. El objetivo del presente escrito es describir los escenarios epidemiológicos de progresión de la infección definidos y aplicables como marcos iniciales de la dinámica de transmisión de la enfermedad a Suramérica, salvando sus particularidades poblacionales, en la lucha por controlar la pandemia. Se trata de un estudio documental de revisión de la literatura especializada. Del análisis de esta información resultan dos secciones a saber: modelos epidemiológicos en infecciones y, escenarios de progresión de la pandemia de SRAS-CoV-2. Se concluye que los escenarios epidemiológicos de progresión de la infección de unas regiones pueden transpolarse a otras como marco para el control de la pandemia, salvando las particularidades de cada población en cuanto a características individuales, culturales, económicas y sanitarias.

 

Applicability in South America of SARS-CoV-2 infection progression scenarios

The SARS-CoV-2 epidemic outbreak soon developed into an international public health emergency that rapidly progressed to a pandemic with severe impact on the health and economies of affected countries. The objective of this paper is to describe the epidemiological scenarios of the progression of the infection defined and applicable as initial frameworks of the dynamics of transmission of the disease to South America, saving its population particularities, in the fight to control the pandemic. This is a review of the specialized literature. The analysis of the information results in two sections: epidemiological models in infections and, scenarios of progression of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. It is concluded that the epidemiological scenarios of progression of the infection in some regions can be transposed to others as a framework for the control of the pandemic, saving the particularities of each population in terms of individual, cultural, economic and health characteristics.

Keywords: Coronavirus; COVID-19; Epidemiological scenarios; Pandemic, control; South America.


Palabras clave


Coronavirus; COVID-19; Escenarios epidemiológicos; Pandemia; Control.

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Referencias


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